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IELTS Graphs

Graphs- IELTS Writing Task 1 – Book : Volume 8

More than 150 IELTS writing task 1 exercises for Practice including tables, Maps, Columns, Bar, Pie, Processes. This is graphs book with Name Volume 8 for helping children in their IELTS preparation.

Index

Sr. No.Graph- StatementGraph Type
1The chart below shows the percentage of adults of different age groups in the UK who used the Internet everyday from 2003-2006.Column
2The chart below shows the percentage of whole world population in four countries from 1950 to 2000, with projections till 2050.Column
3The chart below shows the expenditure on three categories among different age groups of residents in the UK in 2004.Column
4The charts below show the number of working hours per week, in industrial sector, in four European countries in 2002.Column
5The chart below shows the aid from six developed countries to developing countries from 2008-2010.Column
6The graph below shows the information on waste disposal in a European country from 2005 to 2008.Column
7The chart below gives information about the growth of urban population in certain parts of the world including the prediction of the future.Column
8The graph below shows the changes in the places where people used to surf the Internet in the years 1998, 2000, 2002 and 2004.Column
9The charts  below  show  the percentages of male and female students getting top grades in 1996 and 2000.Column
10The graph below shows the average class size in six countries and compares it with the world average class size in 2006.Column
11The chart below shows information about the favourite subjects of 60 students from two schools, school A and school B.Column
12The graph below shows four categories of citrus fruits and the top three countries to which these were exported in 2012.Column
13The graphs below show the average retirement age for men and women in 2004 and 2008 in six different countries.Column
14The graph below shows the percentage of dependents in 2000 and the predicted figures in 2050 in five countries and also gives the world average.Column
15The chart shows the information relating to people within 15 minute drive service in a particular region in UK. It also compares the people living in urban areas and people living in rural areas.Bar
16The graph below shows the percentage of adults according to age and gender who do not do any physical activity in Australia.Column
17The graph below shows the result of a survey of young people in four European countries on the most effective solution of global warming.Bar
18The graph below shows the way in which men and women used the internet in Canada in 2000Bar
19The graph below shows the number of trips made by children in one country to travel to and from school in 1990 and 2010 using various modes of transport.Column
20The bar chart below shows the average hours of housework done by women unemployed, part time employed and full time employed) and full-time working men.Column
21The graph below shows the cinema attendance of people on different days of the week in 2003, 2005 and 2007.Column
22The following graphs depict the reliability of print and non-print academic materials as voiced by undergraduates and postgraduates at 3 different British universities.Column
23The graph below shows the average calorie intake per person in eight countries in 2003.Column
24The chart below illustrates the results of a British survey taken in 2005Column
25The following graphs illustrate electronic gaming trends in South Korea in 2006. The first outlines gamer age groups and gender demographics. The second indicates game type preference.Column
26The bar graph below outlines literacy rates for a number of nations in 2004.Column
27The graph below outlines paper and plastic cup production at a factory over the period of one year.Column
28The two bar charts show the proportion of 14-16-year-old students studying a modern foreign language in an English speaking country, and the top three popular foreign 2 columnsColumn
29The graph chart shows the number of magazines sold in 5 different countries in these years.Column
30The graph below shows the amount of tea and coffee imported by four different countries.Column
31The bar chart below shows about the average children born per woman in 5 countries in 1970 and 2000.Column
32The diagram below shows the percentage of share of total world production of wheat by Asia, Europe and other part of the world from the years 1840 to 2000.Column
33The column graph compares the percentage of males in a particular country who prefer watching sports to males who prefer participating in sportsColumn
34The bar graph shows the global sales (in billions of dollars) of different types of digital games between 2000 and 2006.Column
35The graph below shows the three different kinds of emission sources (oil / coal / gas) of greenhouse gas in the UK.Column
36The graph below shows the participation of Australian children in sports outside school hours in 2014.Column
37The graph below shows the sales of children’s books, adult fiction and educational books between 2002 and 2006 in one country.Line
38The line graph below shows the population size, birth rate and the death rate of England and Wales from 1700 to 2000.Line
39The graph below shows the number of overseas visitors who came to the UK for different purposes between 1989 and 2009.Line
40The graph below shows the spending on research into renewable sources of energy in four countries between 1975 and 2000.Line
41The chart below shows three different types of crime in England and Wales from 1970 to 2005.Line
42The graph below shows the total births and the deaths in a European country from 1950 to 2050.Line
43The given graph shows the past and projected figures of the government spending as a percentage of GDP for the years 2000 to 2025 in three areas.Line
44The graph below shows the number of students from the US, the UK and Australia who studied in universities in other countries from 2002 to 2007.Line
45The graph below shows cinema attendance by age in Great Britain.Line
46The graph below shows the number of enquiries to tourist information office made by telephone, letter/email, and in person from January 2001 to June 2001.Line
47The given graph shows the nitrogen oxide emissions produced by four vehicles.Line
48The diagram below shows the percentage of good quality river water in four countries from 1995 to 2010. It also shows the prediction for 2015.Line
49The line graph and the bar chart give the information and forecast about the vehicle numbers and CO2 emission in England and Wales between 2000 and 2020Line & Column
50The graph below shows the percentage of 18- 25 year olds in universities in four different countries. LineLine
51The diagram below shows the number of marriages in the UK between 1951 and 2001. The data given is for all marriages, remarriages (any partner) and first marriages. LineLine
52The first chart below shows the percentages of women and men in a country involved in some kinds of home tasks (cooking, cleaning, pet caring and repairing the house. The second chart shows the amount of time each gender spent on each task per dayGraph
53The table and chart below show the time spent at leisure and household activities in Britain.Table & Bar
54The table below shows the percentage of first year students who gave “very good” rating to the resources provided by a college, for three courses.Table
55The table below describes the number of people (in million) who went for international travel in 1990, 1995, 2000 and 2005.Table
56The chart below shows the resources used to make 1000 disposable cups in different materials: polystyrene and paper.Cluster & Column
57The table shows the population ratio of females per 100 males in six different areas in 1995 and 2005. (Africa, Asia, Europe, North America, Central America and Oceania).Table
58The two tables below show responses of different age groups to a questionnaire with their opinion about the range of books and the non-print material of a local library.Table
59The tables below show response to a questionnaire given by two groups of people (club members and the general public) who showed their opinions about a new theatre.Table
60The graph below shows the percentage of people who travelled by bus in the UK from 2009 to 2011. TableTable
61The two tables below show the number of international students from different resource countries in Canada and the USA in two school years.Table
62The graph below shows the number of cars produced in three countries in 2003, 2006 and 2009.Table
63The graph below shows the average retirement age of males and females in six countries in 2003.Table
64The graph below shows the population of three cities in 1990, the population forecast of 2000 and the actual population of 2000.Table
65The table below gives information about the percentage of workforce employed in six industries in Australia between 1989 and 2009.Table
66The tables below show the consumption and production of potatoes in different regions of the world in 2006.Table
67The table below gives information related to population growth, average birth per woman, life  expectancy  at  birth  in  countries  with different income levels in 2000 and 2004.TableTable
68The table below gives information about the employment rates and the average annual salaries of new graduates in an Australian University in 2009.Table
69The graph below shows the fishing industry in a European country according to four indicators.Table
70The table below gives information about students studying in six departments in an Australian university in 2011.Table
71The table below shows the percentage of the population and the types of houses they live in 3 areas of a city.Table
72The table below gives information about population over 60-year-old in six regions in 2000,and the predicted numbers of population over 60 in 2050.It also shows the world population over 60 in 2000 and 2050.Table
73The table below shows the production of cocoa beans in six regions between 1992 and 1998.Table
74The table below gives information about the situation of marriage and age from 1960 to 2000 in Australia.Table
75The table shows the percentage of young people who were employed in different sectors in one country in 2005 and 2010.Table
76The table shows the number of mobile phones and personal computers per 1,000 people in 2003 in 6 different countries.Table
77The  table  below  depicts  the  information about the posts held by women in parliament Table and in management in 5 countries in 2000.Table
78The charts below give information about the amount and types of water in the world, and also tell the use of water in three areas in three countries.2 Pie & column
79The charts below show the percentage of five kinds of books sold by a bookseller between 1972 and 2012.Pie
80The charts below show the proportion of the energy produced from different sources in a country between 1985 and 2003.Pie
81The graph below shows the number of people taking part in a wildlife survey in Britain between 2001 and 2009.Table
82The three pie charts below show the coffee production and consumption of coffee and where the profit goes around the world.3 Pie
83The graphs below show the different reasons of two groups of students to choose Dorrifod University.2 Pie
84The pie charts below show how the different types of courses were followed by the students during the years of 1984, 1994 and 2004.Pie
85The  diagram  below  shows  the  multistage production of pears as canned fruits.Process
86The diagram below illustrates how a simple water filter is constructed and how it functions to produce clean drinking water.Process
87The  diagram  below  shows  the  stages  of processing cocoa beans.Process
88The following maps show the changes that have taken place in Sydney International airport since 1930.Map
89The picture below shows the changes of a park from 10 years ago to now.Map
90The diagram below shows the changes made in an Australian park.Map
91The picture below shows the changes of a park from 1980 to now.Map
92The diagram below shows the changes, which took place in a coastal area called Pentland from 1950 to 2007.Map
93The pictures below show the plan of Walton Museum in 2008 and the plan in 2012, after it was redeveloped.Map
94The  process  below  shows  how  drinking water is made using solar power.Process
95The graph below shows a typical American and a Japanese officeMap
96The  diagram  below  shows  the  process  of getting a driving licence.Process
97The  flow  chart  below  shows  the  recycling procedure of glass bottles.Process
98The diagrams below show the water supply system in Australia at present and in future.Process
99The  diagram  below  shows  the  plan  of  a medical centre in 2008 and 2010.Map
100The graph below shows the unemployment rate in Ireland and the number of people leaving the country between 1988 and 2008.Line
101The diagrams below show the categories of workforce in Australia and the unemployment within the three groups.Pie & Line
102The table below shows information about age, average income per person and population below poverty line in three states in USA.Table
103The line graph shows the average prices of tickets sold at a theatre and the bar chart shows the average percentage of tickets sold in 2010 and 2011.Line & Bar
104The charts below show the percentage of time working adults spent on different activities in a particular country in 1958 and 2008.2 Pie
105The  diagram  below  shows  the  process  of making soft cheese.Process
106The graph shows the spending on education, medical care and pension in a particular country from 2001 to 2051.Line
107The graphs below show the total percentage of films released and the total percentage of ticket sales in 1996 and 2006 in a country.Column
108The charts below show temperature and rainfall in Equatorial climate and Mediterranean  climate.Column Line
109The bar chart gives us the information about the life expectancy in Japan, United States, Korea and Indonesia and the table shows us the change in the life expectancy between 1953 and 2008.Bar
110110. The diagram shows the total length of high speed tram track (in kilometers) in three countries in 1990, 2010 and the projection for 2020.Table
111The two pie charts show the percentage of pollutants entering a particular part of ocean in 1997 and 2007.Pie Chart
112The graphs below show the size of the ozone hole over Antarctica and the production of three ozone-damaging gases from 1980 to 2000.Line graphs
113The diagram below shows the plan of a library in 2001 and 2009. Summarise the information by selecting and reporting the main features and make comparisons where relevant.Map
114The graph below shows the average monthly salary and the prices of black and white and colour TV in Japanese yen from 1953 to 1973. Summarise the information by selecting and reporting the main features, and make comparisons where relevant.Line
115The table below shows the employment of students from four countries in the UK after their first courses in 2001. Summarise the information by selecting and reporting the main features and make comparisons where relevant.Table
116The diagrams below show how an office building looks at present and the plan for its future  development.Map
117The diagram below shows the number of marriages and divorces in the UK between 1950 and 2000. LineLine
118The line graph below shows the land used for organic crops in two countries between 1985 and 2010. LineLine
119The line graph shows the percentage of different age groups of cinema visitors in a particular country. LineLine
120The charts below show the total number of cruise passengers  and  their  percentage according to age in 1975 and 2003 in UK.Table & Column
121The graph below shows the percentage of immigrants to Australia from five countries in 1962, 1982 and 2002.Column
122The picture below shows the plan of a new town.Map
123The chart below shows the number of four different species of fish between 1982 and 2007.Line
124The picture below shows a place in 1980 and after the construction of a hydroelectric dam in 1990. LineLine
125The picture below shows the use of renewable energy accounting for the total energy from 1971 to 2006.Line
126The graph below shows the information about medical care in three European countries between 1980 and 2000.Table
127The graphs below show the percentage of men and women aged 60-64 who were employed in four countries in 1970 and 2000.Column
128The  graph  below  shows  four  methods  of dealing with waste in four countries.Column
129Life cycle of salmon fishProcess
130The diagram below shows the process of canning of fish. Write a report for a university lecturer describing the process below.Process
131The chart below shows the percentage of UK households with selected consumer durables between 1998 and 2005.Column
132The table below shows a survey on the preference of difference age groups in a European country on different TV programmes in 2012.Table
133The chart below shows the percentage of young people at a university in 2000 and 2007.Column
134The table below shows the percentage of employers in various sectors having difficulty in finding staff in 2003 and 2004.Table
135The chart below shows the hours of teaching per year done by each teacher in four different countries in 2001.Column
136The given charts describe responses of undergraduate and postgraduate students to a questionnaire about a university library.Pie chart
137The  table  below  shows  the  expenses  per week of a retired single person and a couple Table in Australia, for their comfortable lifestyle.Table
138The graph below shows the types of transport used by tourists who visited New Zealand from five countries in 2004.Column
139The graph below shows the total amount of waste produced by six countries in 1980, 1990 and 2000. TableTable
140The diagram below shows how rainwater is collected and converted to drinking water in an Australian town.Process
141The graphs below show the viewership of different TV programmes among three different age groups.3 Pie
142The pictures below show the differences in the layout of a conference centre between its present and its future plan.Map-Present & Future
143The bar chart below shows the number of miles travelled in a year by men and women for six different purposes in a particular country.Bar
144The table below shows the production of milk annually in four countries in 1990, 2000 and 2010.Process
145Compare the town of Brindell and local areas in 1800, 1900 and 2000.Map
146The graph below shows the amount of energy lost from generation of electricity to the time it reaches the consumer from brown and black coal.Flowchart
147The graphs below show the number of hours Canadians spend on watching TV from 1990 – 2000. ColumnsColumns
148The picture below shows Bell Hill farm in 1976 and the changes that took place in 2006.Map
149The  graph  below  shows  a  conference  hall built in 1981 and planned for 2020.Map
150Two  charts  below  show  the  percentage  of qualified graduates in a particular country.Pie
151151. The charts provide information about students in 2007 who were happy with different facilities at a university of UK. 6 piePie
152The two diagrams describe the main parts of a hot air balloon and indicate how it works. ProcessProcess
153The diagrams below show the present building of a college and the plan for changes to the college site in the future.Map
154The flowchart below compares three methods to recruit new employees.Flowcharts
155The following are two filter systems. Describe the processes and compare.Process
156The graphs below show the percentage of household energy used and the amount of greenhouse gases produced in Australia.2 Pie
157The graph below shows the weekly spending of an average family in a European country.Chart
158The first chart below shows the value of goods that Australia imported from China and those exported to China from Australia. The second chart shows the types of goods imported from China.Columns
159The graph below shows the percentage of self employed workers of the total workforce in five countries in 1998 and 2008.Column
160The table below gives information about the weekly consumption of ordinary milk and butter, and high and low fat alternatives of milk and butter among different age groups in one European country. TableTable
161The plans below show the changes of the particular area from 1965 to the present-day and the plans also give a description of the proposed changes proposed changes proposed changes in future.MAP
162The diagram below shows the production of olive oil.Process
163The diagram below describes the structure of a home smokery and how it works.Process
164The tables below are the results of research, which examined the average percentage marks scored by boys and girls of different ages in several school subjects.Tables
165The graphs below show the development of the cutting tools made by stone, one was made 1.4 million years ago, and the other was made 800 thousand years ago, viewing from back view, front view and side view.Diagram
166The table below shows the production of carbon dioxide in five different countries in 2006.Table
167The table below gives information about the average annual spending of university students in three different countries.Table

1.

The chart below shows the percentage of adults of different age groups in the UK who used the Internet everyday from 2003-2006. Summarize the information by selecting and reporting the main features and make comparisons where relevant.

Volume 8 graphs 1

The given column graph illustrates the percentage of adults of different age groups using the Internet between 2003 and 2006, in the Great Britain. The over 65s had the least percentage of Internet users.

The main users of the Internet were young adults aged between 16 and 24 years. In 2003 and 2004, they shared the same percentage, which was 80%. In 2005, this figure increased significantly to 100%, but decreased slightly to 90% in the next year.

We can see from the chart that all the age groups experienced an upward trend as far as their daily use of the Internet is concerned. In the 25-44 group, there was a gradual growth in the percentage, from 50% to 80%, between 2003 and 2006. There were similar increases for the 45 to 54 year olds, rising from 60% in 2003 to 80% in 2006. As for the other two groups, although the percentages had minor fluctuation, the overall trend was upwards.

Overall, adults between 16 and 44 showed the greatest usage of the Internet and the users grew with time regardless of their age.

2.

The chart below shows the percentage of whole world population in four countries from 1950 to 2000, with projections till 2050. Summarise the information by selecting and reporting the main features and make comparisons where relevant.

Volume 8 Graphs 2

The column graph compares the changes in the proportion of population in India, China, the USA and Japan in 1950 and 2000, and also indicates the projections for 2050. It is clear from the graph that China had the highest percentage of world population in 1950 and 2000, but estimates show that India will take the lead by 2050.

In 1950, China accounted for a little over a quarter of the world’s population. Although it decreased to a little under a quarter, it was still the highest in 2000, compared to the other three countries. It is estimated that the population of China will continue to drop and would reach approximately19% by 2050.

India showed an opposing trend to China. The population in India in 1950 was 15%, which was considerably lower than that of China. However, the population increased moderately to 19% by 2000 and is further expected to grow and reach nearly 20%, which would be the highest among the given countries by 2050.

When it comes to the population of the USA and Japan, both showed a decrease from 1950 to 2000. It is predicted that the percentage will remain the same in the USA, whereas in Japan, the population is likely to keep falling till 2050.

Overall, Japan had the least population in the given period, and the population is expected to decrease to approximately 3% by 2050.

3.

The chart below shows the expenditure on three categories among different age groups of residents in the UK in 2004. Summarize the information by selecting and reporting the main features and make comparisons where relevant.

Volume 8 Graph 3

The given column graph compares the amount of money spent by five age groups of the British citizens on three different items, in the year 2004. It is interesting to note that the spending on food and drinks was the least by the under 30s, and the highest by the above 76 age group.

It is noticeable that the largest proportion of spending went on food and drinks in most age groups, except for the under 30s and those between 61 and 75 years of age. Expenditure on restaurant and hotel was almost similar among all age groups below 60 years. They spent 12- 14% on this sector. The 61-75 and the 76+ age groups spent 2% and 7% respectively on restaurant and hotel. The under 45s spent lesser on entertainment than on restaurant and hotel, but the vice versa was true for all the other given age groups. The 61-75 year olds, showed the highest discrepancy in their spending on these two areas. They spent 2% and 23% on restaurant and hotel, and entertainment respectively.

Overall, it is observed that as age advanced, the spending priorities of people changed. Older age groups spent more on food and drink and entertainment. However, the 76+ age group did not give much importance to entertainment.

4.

The charts below show the number of working hours per week, in industrial sector, in four European countries in 2002. Summarize the information by selecting and reporting the main features and make comparisons with relevant.

V8G4

The given column graphs compare the number of hours spent on work per week by industrial workers in France, Denmark, Sweden and the UK in 2002. In three countries, it can be seen that the maximum workers worked 36-40 hours, but in France the maximum workers worked 31-35 hours per week.
In France, approximately half the workers worked for 31-35 hours per week. The percentage of people who worked for 36-40 hours and 46-50 hours was 35% and 20% respectively. The figures for the rest of the working hours accounted for around 10% workers each.
Denmark and Sweden witnessed the highest proportion of people working for 36-40 hours, which was quite different from that of France. The second and the third place came from 31- 35 hours and 41-45 hours workers (25% and 10% in Denmark; 35% and 30% in Sweden). The proportion of people working for the remaining hours was higher in Denmark than in Sweden.
It is interesting to note that in the UK, the percentage of people working 50+ hours was the maximum. Almost 50% worked 36-40 hours per week.
Overall, France was a country where the people worked for the least hours, where as the Swedish people spent the most time on work among the people from four different countries.

5.

The chart below shows the aid from six developed countries to developing countries from 2008-2010. Summarize the information by selecting and reporting the main features, and make comparisons where relevant.

V8G5

The given column graph illustrates the amount of aid given by six developed countries from 2008 to 2010, measured in billions of dollars.

The US provided the most aid in all three years and despite a slight drop in 2009 from 22 to 20 billion dollars in 2009, the figure rose to $25 billion in 2010. Germany, UK and Japan, were other three major donors, with figures ranging between 10 and 15 billion dollars. It is interesting to note that Germany increased its aid continuously over the years, but the aid from the other two showed fluctuations. The aid from Netherlands and Sweden was always under $10 billion, yet the three years saw similar changes in the figures.

Overall, the US contributed the most in supporting the developing world. whilst the aids of most countries fluctuated in three years, Germany was the only country with consistent increases.

6.

The graph below shows the information on waste disposal in a European country from 2005 to 2008. Summarise the information making comparisons where relevant.

V8G6

The given column graph illustrates three methods of disposal of waste materials in 2005, 2006 and 2008. It is clear that the landfill method was the most used for waste disposal in 2005 and dumping in sea was used the maximum in 2008.

It is clear that about 2000 million tonnes of waste was disposed by landfill method in 2005. Disposal of waste by this method lost popularity gradually and by 2008, only 1200 million tonnes was disposed off by this method. About 900 million tonnes of waste was burnt and about 1200 million tonnes was dumped in sea.

In 2006, again the most popular method of waste disposal was landfill, but the amount disposed was lesser than that in 2005. Just under 1200 million tonnes was disposed off by burning and a little over 1400 million tonnes was dumped in sea.

In 2008, the most popular method was dumping in sea and over 1600 million tonnes was disposed off like this. A little under 900 million tonnes was burnt.

Overall it can be seen that dumping in landfill sites lost popularity and dumping in sea gained popularity in the given time. The burning method of waste disposal fluctuated over the period.

7.

The chart below gives information about the growth of urban population in certain parts of the world including the prediction of the future. Summarise the information by selecting and reporting the main features and make comparisons where relevant.

V8G7

The given column graph depicts the increase in the percentage of urban population in Africa, Asia, Latin America / Caribbean and the whole world from 1950 to 2000 and also gives predictions for 2030. It can be seen that population escalated in all given areas of the world and is expected to grow further.

In 1950, Latin America and the Caribbean had the maximum urban population, which constituted 42% of the total population. In contrast, Asia and Africa had much lesser people living in cities at 14% and 12% of the total population respectively. Just under a third of the population was of urbanites in the whole world in 1950.

In 2000, Africa and Asia saw an almost threefold increase in urban population. In both these areas city population became approximately 38% of the total. Latin America and the Caribbean had over two thirds of the population in cities. However, the whole world had almost equal number of rural and urban people in 2000.

It is predicted that by 2030 the urban population will continue to grow in all areas by 10- 15%. Almost 80% of people in Latin America and Caribbean are expected to live in cities, whereas in the whole world the percentage of urbanites is estimated to be 60%.

Overall, it is clear that urban population has grown in all the given areas and is expected to grow in the future.

8.

The graph below shows the changes in the places where people used to surf the Internet in the years 1998, 2000, 2002 and 2004. Summarize the information by selecting and reporting the main features and make comparisons where relevant.

V8G8

The given column graph compares the changes in the places where people accessed the Internet between 1998 and 2004. It is clear that the maximum people surfed the Internet from home in all the given years.

It can be seen from the graph that more people surfed the Internet at home and in their working places than in the colleges and libraries. The percentage of people who accessed the Internet from home fell from approximately 55 in 1998 to 48 in 2000. After that this percentage began to rise steadily and reached 55 in 2004. The second most common place where people accessed the net was office. The proportion of people who spent their online time at work was between 25% and 30% from 1998 to 2002, but fell to 15% in 2004. Approximately 18%-25% people used the Internet at college in all the given years. The least percentage surfed the net in libraries. This percentage fluctuated between 12% and 18% over the given years.

Overall, the discrepancy between people surfing the net from home and all other places was high in all the four given years.

9.

The charts below show the percentages of male and female students getting top grades in 1960 and 2000. Summarise the information by selecting and reporting the main features and make comparisons where relevant.

V8G9

The given column graphs compare the proportion of boys and girls getting top grades in five subjects, which are science, arts, maths, languages and humanities, in 1960 and 2000. It is clear from the graph that girls scored higher in Arts and languages, whereas boys scored higher in science and math in the given years.

In 1960, slightly over 30% boys scored good grades in science and maths, whereas in languages and humanities the high scorers were 20% each. Only one in ten scored high in Arts. In contrast, girls did much better in languages, Arts and humanities, with 45%, 32% and 30% scoring high in these subjects respectively. Only 10% girls scored high in science and the least (5 %) scored high in maths.

In 2000, among boys, the percentage of top scorers in arts and humanities almost doubled where as that in science and math became approximately half as compared to the figures of 1960. The percentage of top scorers in languages remained the same. Among girls, however, the percentage of top scorers in arts, languages and humanities decreased moderately, whereas that in science and maths remained the same.

Overall, it is surprising to see that boys scored better than girls in humanities in the year 2000.

10.

The graph below shows the average class size in six countries and compares it with the world average class size in 2006. Summarise the information by selecting and reporting the main points and give comparisons where relevant.

V8G10

The given column graph illustrates the average class size in primary school and lower secondary school in six nations in 2006, and compares it with the world average. On the whole, the class size of primary school in the UK and Denmark was larger than the class size of lower secondary school, whereas in the other given countries it was smaller.

It is clear that the UK and Denmark had higher number of students in primary school (23 and 21 respectively) than those in secondary school (22 and 19 respectively). A similar trend was seen in the world average, with 26 and 24 students in primary and secondary classes respectively. South Korea had the highest number of students in both primary and secondary classes (nearly 35 in each class). Japan had an average primary class of 26 students, whereas the secondary class size was slightly bigger with 31 average students. The biggest discrepancy in primary and secondary class size was seen in Mexico, where the primary class strength was only about 20 students, but secondary class had a little over 30 students. Iceland had the smallest primary and secondary classroom size of 15 and 17 students on an average respectively.

Overall, the teacher-taught ratio was the best in Iceland with the smallest classroom size.

11.The chart below shows information about the favourite subjects of 60 students from two schools, school A and school B. Summarize the information by selecting and reporting the main features, and make comparisons where relevant.

The given column graph illustrates the best-loved subjects of 60 students of two schools, School A and School B. It is clear from the graph that the choice of subjects varies greatly between the two schools.

In school A, more than half the students (36) like sports. By contrast, the rest of the subjects are not very popular among students in school A.

In school B, 25 students like craft and drawing which is more than six times the students number of school A. Language is the second most preferred subject in school B, chosen by 18 students. Social science is the third most liked subject, with 10 students of school B liking it, which is almost double the number of students of school A, who like it. Only two students of school B like science, where as 9 of school A like science. The biggest discrepancy can be seen in those choosing sports as their favourite subject, with 36 students of school A going for sports, in contrast to only 5 of school B.

Overall, craft and drawing is the least preferred subject of school A students, whereas science is the least liked subject of students of school B.

12.

The graphs below show four categories of citrus fruits and the top three countries to which these were exported (in thousand tonnes) in 2012. Summarise the information by selecting and reporting the main features and make comparisons where relevant.

V8G12

The given bar charts compare the top three countries importing different types of citrus fruits in 2012. The fruits given are oranges, lemons, grape fruits and all other citrus fruits.

As can be seen from the chart, oranges were the most popular fruit. More specifically, South Africa was the country where the largest number of oranges were exported amounting to 1020 thousand tonnes approximately. This was followed by Egypt (500 thousand tonnes) and the United States, which imported the smallest amount (400 million tonnes) of oranges among the three countries.

Lemon was the second popular fruit in the four categories, with 500,000 tonnes imported by Mexico and 200 imported by the USA. The minimum amount was imported by Argentina (100,000 tonnes).

Grapefruits did not constitute a large proportion of the imported fruit. Turkey was the main country that imported grapefruits, while Mexico and United States imported 400,000 and 300,000 tonnes respectively.

The largest import of all other citrus fruits was done by Mexico. The other two countries only accounted for a tiny proportion of the whole volume.

Overall, the export quantities of different fruit varied among different countries in 2012.

13.

The graphs below show the average retirement age for men and women in 2004 and 2008 in six different countries. Summarise the information by selecting and reporting the main features and make comparisons where relevant.

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The given column graphs compare the retirement age of males and females in six countries in 2004 and 2008. Overall, the retirement age increased in all countries with the exception of Italy, among men, and France, among women, where it remained the same in the given years.

The Danish men and women retired at the ages of 60 and 59 respectively in 2004, but in 2008 they both retired at the age of 61. The average age of retirement for both genders was the lowest in France, with the men retiring at the age of 58 in 2004 and at 59 in 2008. Women retired at the age of 58 in both the given years. The Italian men retired at 60 years in 2004 as well as 2008, whereas women retired at a younger age in both the years as compared to men. The age of retirement for women was 58 in 2004 and 59 in 2008. A similar trend in retirement ages was seen among the Dutch, Swede and British males and females with the increase of one year in each case in 2008 as compared to 2004.

To conclude, a striking feature of the graph is that the retirement age for both sexes was the highest in Sweden in comparison with all other given countries.

14.

The graph below shows the percentage of dependents in 2000 and the predicted figures in 2050 in five countries, and also gives the world average. Summarise the information by selecting and reporting the main figures and make comparisons where relevant.

V8g14

The given column graph illustrates the percentage of dependents (children below 15 or adults above 65) in five countries in 2000 and also gives projections for 2050. It also depicts the world average in the given two years.

In 2000, India had the maximum percentage of dependents (38%), with Japan, Indonesia and China following closely behind with around 34% of dependents. Korea had the least percentage of reliant people (22%). The overall world population of children below 15 and adults over 65 was 25%.

Looking into the future, an increase in the population of dependents is predicted for Indonesia, Korea, China and Japan. In contrast, in India the needy population is thought to fall from 38% to 32%. In Korea the population is expected to double by 2050, from 22% to 44%. Approximately 15% rise in such population is predicted for Japan, whereas China is thought to show the least increase (2%). The world average of the dependents is expected to go up from about 25% to nearly 42%.

Overall, the percentage of dependents is expected to decrease in India whereas in other four countries it is projected to increase.
(Note the language for the future and the synonyms for dependents)

15.

The chart shows the information relating to people within 15-minute drive service in a particular region in UK. It also compares the people living in urban areas and people living in rural areas. Write a report for a university lecturer describing the information given below.

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The given bar graph compares the access to medical, educational and postal services by the city and countryside people in a specific region in the United Kingdom. Overall, it can be seen that almost all urban people are within fifteen-minute drive to all these mentioned services.

Cent-percent urban and rural people have access to medical facilities. They are all within fifteen minutes drive to a doctor. Similarly, secondary school can be reached within 15 minutes by all residents of villages and cities. All city people have a post office in their propinquity. However, five per cent of villagers have to drive more than fifteen minutes to avail postal services. The biggest discrepancy lies in primary school facilities. Only sixty five percent of villagers have a primary school within a quarter of an hour drive, where as the remaining, approximately, one third inhabitants of countryside have to drive their children to far-off schools.

Overall, the rural and urban communities have similar access to medical, postal and secondary school facilities but only about a third of villagers do not live close to a primary school.

16.

The graph below shows the percentage of adults according to age and gender who do not do any physical activity in Australia. Summarise the information by selecting and reporting the main features and make comparisons where relevant.

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The given column graph compares the percentage of men and women of seven different age groups who lead a sedentary life in Australia. It can be clearly seen that except for the 45 to 64 year olds, all other age groups have more females than males who do not do much physical activity.

The 15-24 year age group is the most active with only about 14 and 17 % men and women respectively who don’t do much physical activity. The 25-34 age group has a little more percentage of people following a leisurely way of life. As age advances the percentage of easy-going men and women also is seen to be on the rise, with the exception of the 65-74 age group. Surprisingly, in this age group the number of males and females doing no physical activity is lesser than that of the 55-64 age group. However, the 75+ age group has the maximum number of both genders doing no physical work.

Overall it is clear that as age goes up more and more people start leading physically inactive lives except for the 65-74 year olds, and in most age groups more females than males lead sedentary lives.

17.

The graph below shows the result of a survey of young people in four European countries on the most effective solution of global warming. Summarise the information making comparisons where relevant.

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The given column graph elucidates the outcome of a survey as to the best solution of global warming among the people of four European countries, which are Portugal, Spain, Italy and the Netherlands. It is clear from the graph that lifestyle changes were rated as the best solution by the maximum youth of all the countries.

50% of the Portuguese young people rated lifestyle changes as the best solution for global warming. Government regulations and environmental issues were considered the best ways to solve global warming by 20% and 17% respectively. The maximum Spanish young generation also was of the view that lifestyle changes were the most effective solution but their percentage was lesser than that of the Portuguese in this respect. 17% and 20% young people of Spain rated government issues and environmental factors as the best solution. The overall trend of the Spanish, the Italian and the Dutch youth was the same for all the factors with minor differences in percentage.

Overall, only a small minority of the youth of all the countries opined that none of these factors could help reduce global warming.

18

The graph below shows the way in which men and women used the Internet in Canada in 2000. Summarise the information making comparisons where relevant.

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The given bar graph compares the percentage of males and females, of 15-24 age group, who used the Internet for various purposes in Canada in 2000. It is manifest from the graph that the least percentage of both genders used the Internet for research and education.

It is clear from the graph that the maximum number of men used the Internet for goods and services (71%). The second most popular use among the males was for sending e-mails (70%). A slightly higher percentage of women (71%) used the Internet for e-mails. However, a significantly lesser percentage (61%) of women used the Internet for goods and services.

Chat rooms were almost equally popular among both genders with 50% males and 48% females using the internet for this purpose respectively. Online shopping was more popular among women. 38% women used the net for this purpose and only 28% men used the Internet for online shopping.

Games were slightly more popular among males (64%) than females (58%). Research and education was the least popular activity among both men and women. 9% women and 13 % men used the Internet for this purpose.

Overall, it can be seen that women were ahead of men in using the internet for e-mailing and online shopping. In all other given activities, males superseded women.

19.

The graph below shows the number of trips made by children in one country to travel to and from school in 1990 and 2010 using various modes of transport. Summarise the information by selecting and reporting the main features and make comparisons where relevant.

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The given column graph illustrates the number of trips made by children in two separate years, which are 1990 and 2010 in a particular country. The vertical axis represents the number of trips in million per year and the horizontal stands for the different modes of transport like bus, car, walking, bicycle and, bus and walking together.

In 1990, the trips made by bus were dramatically higher than by other modes. About 12 million trips were made by bus, which was two times more than those made by walking and cycling each, and three times more than those made by car. About 7 million trips were made by bus and walking together.

Two decades later, in 2010, the car trips superseded all other modes and became approximately 12.5 million, an increase of 8.5 million from the figures of 1990. The bus trips decreased to half and became 6 million. Trips made by bus and walking together also decreased by 1 million from the figures of 1990. Trips made on foot also decreased from 6 to 3 million and those made by cycling reduced to 2 million.

On the whole, the column graph shows that bus was the most popular form of transport to go to and from school for children in 1990. However, in 2010, the car became the most popular mode.

20.

The bar chart below shows the average hours of housework done by women (unemployed, part time employed and full time employed) and full-time working men. Summarise the information by selecting and reporting the main features and

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The given column graph illustrates the average time spent by men and women at different levels of employment on household chores over a period of two decades. It can be clearly seen that full time employed men spent the least amount of time on housework.

Women with no employment spent the maximum time on housework in the three given years. They spent 7 hours per day in 1985 and 2005 and 6.5 hours a day in 1995. A little less time was spent by part time employed women. They spent 5.5, 5 and 6 hours per day on household chores in 1985, 1995 and 2005 respectively. Women with full time employment spent lesser time on domestic work than the other two categories of women. They spent 2 hours per day in 1985; 1.5 hours per day in 1995 and 2.5 hours/day in 2005. Full time employed men spent one hour per day in 1985 and 1995 and 1.5 hours per day in 2005. No data is given for the unemployed men and men with part time employment.

Overall, it can be seen that full time employed women spent lesser time in household chores than unemployed and part-time employed women, but still they worked more than their male counterparts.

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