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Vocabulary(IELTS reading)

Cam 15 IELTS Reading Vocabulary

Cam 15 Test 1 Passage 1

Cam 15 Test 1 Passage 2

Cam 15 Test 1 Passage 3

Cam 15 Test 2 Passage 1

Cam 15 Test 2 Passage 2

Cam 15 Test 2 Passage 3

Cam 15 Test 3 Passage 1

Cam 15 Test 3 Passage 2

Cam 15 Test 3 Passage 3

Cam 15 test 4 Passage 1

Cam 15 Test 4 Passage 2

Cam 15 Test 4 Passage 3

Cam 15 Test 1

PASSAGE 1: NUTMEG – A VALUABLE SPICE

1. Key words: leaves, shape

2. Key words: surrounds, fruit, open, ripe

to surround = to encase

to break = to split

3. Key words: produce, spice nutmeg

4. Key words: covering, aril, produce

5. Key words: Middle Ages, Europeans, knew, grown

6. Key words: VOC, first, major trading

trading company = commercial operation

7. Key words: following, Treaty of Breda, Dutch, control, all, where nutmeg grew

8. Key words: Middle Ages, brought to, Europe

9. Key words: 17th century, disease

10. Key words: 17th century, Dutch, avoid, outside, obtained, British

cultivated = grown

11. Key words: 17th century, Dutch, avoid, outside, obtained, British

cultivated = grown

12. Key words: 1770, secretly taken

secretly taken = smuggle

13. Key words: 1778, half, Banda Islands, destroyed

destroy = wipe out

PASSAGE 2: DRIVERLESS CARS

14. Key words: time, not in use

15. Key words: advantages, individual road-users

16. Key words: opportunity, appropriate vehicle, each trip

best suit = appropriate

each trip = particular journey

17. Key words: how long, overcome, problems

problems = challenges

overcome = conquer

18. Key words: no effect, number, vehicles manufactured

19. Key words: Transport Research Laboratory, motor accidents, due to

motor accidents = road collisions

20. Key words: schemes, workable

schemes = initiatives

workable = viable

21. Key words: University of Michigan Transportation Research Institute, 43 percent drop, cars

drop = reduce

cars = vehicles

22. Key words: yearly, twice as high

yearly = annual

twice as high = double

Questions 23-24: Key words: benefits

travel independently = travel autonomy

Questions 25-26: Key words: challenges

general public = communities

have confidence = trust and accept

various = infinite

 PASSAGE 3: WHAT IS EXPLORATION

Cam 15 Test 2

PASSAGE 1: COULD URBAN ENGINEERS LEARN FROM DANCE ?

1. Key words: way of using dance, not proposing

2. Key words: contrast, past and present, building

past = medieval

present = now

3. Key words: objective, both, dance and engineering

objective = aim

4. Key words: unforeseen problem, ignoring, climate

ignore = fail to take into account

unforeseen = unexpected

5. Key words: measures, intended, help people, reserved

be reversed = be removed

6. Key words: impact, human lives

have an impact = affect

7. Key words: Guard rails, improve, pedestrians, movement, not disrupted

movement = flow

8. Key words: Guard rails, improve, pedestrians, movement, not disrupted

movement = flow

9. Key words: access points, one at a time

10. Key words: unintended, psychological difficulties, less

difficulties = barriers

11. Key words: cross the road, way

cross = make crossings

12. Key words: separate, difficult, introduce

separate = divide

13. Key words: separate, difficult, introduce

separate = divide

PASSAGE 2: SHOULD WE TRY TO BRING EXTINCT SPECIES BACK TO LIFE ?

14. Key words: disappearance, avoided

avoid = prevent

15. Key words: explanation, reproducing, using DNA

reproduce = clone

16. Key words: habitat, suffered, following the extinction

habitat = ecosystems

17. Key words: exact point, particular species, extinct

become extinct = come to an end

18. Key words: George Church, mammoths, tundra

identify = pinpoint

enable = make it possible

live = survive

19. Key words: Church, Asian elephants, physical adaptations, minimise

minimise = reduce

20. Key words: mammoth-like features

reduced size = smaller

more = extra

21. Key words: mammoth-like features

reduced size = smaller

more = extra

22. Key words: repopulating, environment

decrease = mitigate

23. Key words: reproducing an extinct species, improve, particular species

24. Key words: concentrate, causes

25. Key words: beneficial impact, vegetation

brought back = return(ed)

26. Key words: efforts, preserving biodiversity, insufficient

current = today

insufficient = not enough

PASSAGE 3: HAVING A LAUGH

27. Keywords: first paragraph, language, human culture, scientific research, universality, animal societies

28. Keywords: Charley Douglass, group setting, TV viewers, social spectrum, recording studio

group setting = social situation

29. Keywords:  Santa Cruz, different, cultures, academic disciplines, recorded

a wide range of cultures = diverse societies

30. Keywords: San Diego, upset, exchanged roles, friends, unable

31. Keywords: fifth paragraph, dominant laugh, submissive laughs, similar, identified

32. Key words: Australian National University, three videos, different kind

generate = elicit

emotion = feelings

33. Key words: persisted, tried harder

34. Key words: second study, similar results

35. Key words: David Cheng, Lu Wang, reduces, body and mind

reduce = relieve

stimulating = energising

36. Key words: David Cheng, Lu Wang, reduces, body and mind

reduce = relieve

stimulating = energising

37. Key words: Santa Cruz, more accurate, friends, strangers

38. Key words: San Diego, predictions, high-status individuals

predict = expect

39. Key words: Australian National University, fixed, time, employee profiles

40. Key words: Cheng and Wang, in line,  task performance

established notion = traditional view

Cam 15 Test 3

PASSAGE 1: HENRY MOORE (1898 – 1986 )

1. Key words: leaving school, Moore, did, father, wanted

want = wish

2. Key words: began, sculpture, first term, Leeds School of Art

3. Key words: Royal College of Art, reputation, sculpture, excellent

4. Key words: aware, ancient sculpture, visiting, London museums

become aware = discover

5. Key words: Trocadero Museum, Mayan sculpture, public, interest

6. Key words: Mayan sculpture, similar, other, stone sculptures

7. Key words: artists, Unit One, modern art, architecture, popular

8. Key words: urged, offer, leave, Royal College

9. Key words: turns to, drawing, sculpting, not, available

turn to = focus on

not available = shortage

Answer: materials.

10. Key words: visiting, hometown, drawings

some drawings ~ a series of sketches

11. Key words: employed, produce, sculpture, of

employ = offer [someone] a commission

12. Key words: start, buy, Moore’s work

13. Key words: increased, possible, ambitious, sculptures

increase = boost

make it possible for = enable

PASSAGE 2: THE DESOLENATOR : PRODUCING CLEAN WATER

14.

15. clean = purify

16. different = unlike

17. water shortage = water stress = water scarcity

18. customers ~ users

19.

20. finance = funding

21. Key words: device, used, different locations,

22. Key words: water, fed, pipe, flows, solar panel

23. Key words: any, particles, water, caught in

catch = trap

24. Key words: purified, water, tube, types, through another

purified = distilled

25. Key words: screen, displays, transmits, information, company, know, Desolenator, requires

display = show

device = unit

require = necessitate (necessary)

26. Key words: screen, displays, transmits, information, company, know, Desolenator, requires

display = show

device = unit

require = necessitate (necessary)

Answer: performance; servicing.

cambridge ielts 15 reading test 3 passage 2

Cambridge IELTS 15 reading test 3 passage 3

27. Key words: fairy tales, details, plot

global = world

variation = variety = different

28. Key words: Tehrani, rejects, useful, lessons, life

29. Key words: theories, social, significance, fairy tales

develop = devise

significance = importance

social = in society

factual basis = knowledge

30. Key words: insights, development, fairy tales

development = evolution (evolve)

biological research = biologist

31. Key words: analysed, Tehrani

analyse = analysis

spoken = oral

originally = tradition (traditionally)

32. Key words: techniques, evolutionary biologists, existed, 58 stories

links = relationships

33. Key words: aspects, fewest, believed, these, most important

variation = alter (alteration)

34. Key words: contrary, beliefs, some, included, change,

change over time = evolve (rate of evolution)

events = incidents

35. Key words: surprised, parts, story, provide, unimportant

story = tale

unimportant = trivial

36. Key words: aspect, most important, story’s survival

horror = fear

37. Key words:  method, Tehrani, test, ideas, fairy tales

38. Key words:  Tehrani’s views, Jack Zipes, suggests

stick = survive

have significance = matter

39. Key words: Tehrani, Chinese, Japanese, fairy tales

40. Key words: Mathias Clasen, believe

Cam 15 Test 4

PASSAGE 1: THE RETURN OF THE HUARANGO

1. Key words:  access, deep, surface

access = reach

Answer: water.

2. Key words: crucial, local, inhabitants, long time ago

crucial = key

a long time ago = ancient

3. Key words: people, survive, periods

survive = withstand

4. Key words: prevents, soil

5. Key words: prevents, land, becoming

become = turn into

Answer: desert.

6. medicine = remedies

construction = build (building)

7. medicine = remedies

construction = build (building)

8. medicine = remedies

construction = build (building)

9. Key words: local, families, Whaley, traditional, uses, huarango, products

10. Key words: Alberto Benevides, profit, growing, huarangos

11. Key words: Whaley, co-operation, farmers, preserve, wildlife

12. Key words: Whaley, project, succeed, extended

area = expanse

large = huge

13. Key words: Whaley, plans, Africa, similar, project

PASSAGE 2: SILBO GOMERO – THE WHISTLE ‘LANGUAGE’ OF THE CANARY ISLANDS

14. Key words: La Gomera, mountainous, Canary Islands

15. Key words: Silbo, appropriate, short, simple, messages

16. Key words: brain-activity, silbadores, non-whistlers, different, results

17. Key words: Spanish, introduced, Silbo, 15th century

18. Key words: precise, data, whistle, languages, today

in existence = in use

19. Key words: children, Gomera, learn, Silbo

20. Key words: high, low, frequency, tones, sounds, Spanish

21. Key words: pitch, whistle, controlled, silbador’s

22. Key words: changed, cupped, hand

change = adjust

23. Key words: everyday, use, transmission, brief

everyday = daily

transmission = communicate (communication)

short = brief

24. Key words: relay, essential, information, quickly, e.g., inform

quickly = rapid (rapidly)

essential = vital

relay information = communicate

e.g. =  such as, for example

25. Key words: future,  threat, new

new = modern

under threat = be threatened

26. Key words: Canaries’ authorities, receive, UNESCO, preserve

receive = get

Answer: award.

PASSAGE 3: ENVIRONMENTAL PRACTICES OF BIG BUSINESSES

27.

28. Key words: lack, governments, public

control = regulation

29. Key words: lack, governments, public

control = regulation

30. Key words: environmental, problems, destruction

31. Key words: environmental, problems, destruction

32. Key words: idea, third, paragraph, environmental, damage

ordinary people = the public

33. Key words: fourth, paragraph, ways, public

34. Key words: pressure, exerted, business,  BSE

big business = major company

law = rules

35. Key words: public, fund, environmental, practices

good environmental practices = sound environmental practices

36. Key words: contrast, moral, principles, businesses

37. Key words: distinction, acceptable, unacceptable, behavior

38. Key words: public, successfully, influenced, businesses, past

39. Key words: future, businesses, concern, environment

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