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Vocabulary(IELTS reading)

Cam 13 IELTS Reading Vocabulary

Cam 13 Test 1 Passage 1

Cam 13 Test 1 Passage 2

Cam 13 Test 1 Passage 3

Cam 13 Test 2 Passage 1

Cam 13 Test 2 Passage 2

Cam 13 Test 2 Passage 3

Cam 13 Test 3 Passage 1

Cam 13 Test 3 Passage 2

Cam 13 Test 3 Passage 3

Cam 13 test 4 Passage 1

Cam 13 Test 4 Passage 2

Cam 13 Test 4 Passage 3

CAM 13 Test 1

PASSAGE 1: CASE STUDY: TOURISM ZEALAND WEBSITE

1. Key words: businesses, information, regularly

– information = details

–  regularly = on a regular basis

2. Key words: country-wide, evaluation, impact

– impact = effect

3. Key words: interview, former, sports

– sports = rugby

4. Key words: interactive, tour, locations

– tour = journey

– various = a number of

5. Key words: driving routes, varied, depending on

– driving = motoring

– depending on = according to

6. Key words: Travel Planner, map, public transport, local.

– local = in the area

7. Key words: Your Words, travellers, send

– send = submit

8. Key words: ready-made, itineraries, packages, travel companies, individual tourists

– travel companies = travel organisations

– individual tourists = individuals/independent travellers  ready-made # to suit their own needs and interests

9. Key words: visitors, started searching, geographical location

10. Key words: research, 26%, satisfaction, accommodation

11. Key words: visitors, involved, local culture

– like = enjoy

– become involved in = interactive

12. Key words: visitors like, small hotels, larger

13. Key words: visitors, unlikely, return

– unlikely that they will return = a once-in-a-lifetime visit.

PASSAGE 2: WHY BEING BORED IS STIMULATING AND USEFUL, TOO

14.– problems ~ difficult

17. – potential = can lead to

18. – affected by = prone to

20. – avoid = stay away from

– an unpleasant experience = infectious social situations

21. – sort = type

22. – trying to cope with boredom = your efforts to improve the situation

– increase its negative effects = making you feel worse

23. – today = modern

24 Key words: Eastwood, central, failure, attention system

– as a result = causes

– cannot = inability to

25. Key words: aim, problems, coping

26. Key words: characteristic, cope with

– characteristic = personality trait

PASSAGE 3: ARTIFICIAL ARTISTS

27. Key words: suggest, computer-produced, works

28. Key words: Geraint Wiggins, worried

– worried = scared

29. Key words: difference, Aaron, Painting Fool

– key difference = unlike

31. Key words: paintings, chair, computer art

32. Key words: Simon Colton, long-term view

– long-term = millennia

33. Key words: Cope, EMI, surprised

– surprised = moved to tears

34. Key words: Wiggins, criticised Cope

– criticised = blasted, condemned

35. Key words: Douglas Hofstadter, EMI

36. Key words: audiences, EMI’s music, angry

– angry = outraged

37. Key words: participants, David Moffat, assess

– music = tunes

38. Key words: Moffat, explain, reactions, EMI

– help explain = provide a clue.

39. Key words: non-experts, Moffat, predictable

40. Key words: Kruger, doubt, Bloom, prejudice

Cam 13 Test 2

1. Passage 1: BRINGING CINNAMON TO EUROPE

1. Key words: biblical, added

– added to = mixed with

2. Key words: biblical, show

– show = indicate

– people = lovers and friends

3. Key words: Rome, sweet smell

– sweet smell = pleasant scent

4. Key words: Middle Ages, indication

– indication = sign

5. Key words: treatment, health problems

– treatment = cure

– health problems = ailments

6. traders/merchants

7. Key words: merchants, Mediterranean

8. Key words: arrived,

– arrived = reached

9. Key words: traders, sold, destinations, Europe

– destinations = markets

10. Key words: Portuguese, Ceylon, throughout, 16th century

– control over ~ a monopoly in

11. Key words: Dutch, took over, arrived, Ceylon

– take over = displace

12. Key words: trees, Dutch, larger quantities, wild

– plant = cultivate

13. Key words: spice trade, importance, 19th century

PASSAGE 2: OXYTOCIN

14. Key words: research, beneficial effects

– beneficial effects = positive aspects

15. Key words: reasons, effects, complex

16. Key words: period, little, scientific attention

17. Key words: ignoring, aspects, research data

– ignoring = taking no notice

– research data = findings

18. Key words: trusting, affected

19. Key words: increases, jealousy

– jealousy = envy

20. Key words: effect, varies

– effect = outcome

– varies ~ contrasting

21. Key words: earliest, findings, bonding

– bonding = reinforce the bonds

– research = studies

22. Key words: humans, produce

– produce = release

23. Key words: experiment, 2005, participants, positive effect

– reinforced the belief = fuelled the view

24. Key words: Haifa, negative emotions

– participants = volunteers

– took part in = played

25. Key words: Antwerp, lack of willingness, help

– showed = revealed

26. Key words: Amsterdam, familiar, positive associations

PASSAGE 3: MAKING THE MOST OF TRENDS

27. Key words: managers

– profound = significant

– influencing ~ impact on

28. Key words: Coach, anxious

– Reputation = image

29. Key words: Tesco, Greener Living

– core business activities ~ traditional retail offerings

30. Key words: Nike, strategy

– might appear = at first glance

– few benefits ~ hardly worthwhile

31. Key words: ME2, original

– unhealthy lifestyles ~ lack of exercise and obesity

32. Key words: products, harmful effects, advantage

– turned to its own advantage = counteracted

– harmful effects = negative impacts

33. Key words: extended, offering, collaborating

– collaborate = team up with

34. Key words: incentive scheme, social responsibility

35. Key words: customers, positive attitude, difficult

– discovered = revealed

– positive ~ eager

– difficult circumstances = tough times

36. Key words: responded, growing, lifestyle, unrelated

37. Key words: avoided, charge less, core products

– avoid = avert

– charge less ~ price cut

– core = conventional

38. Key words: trend-related, changes, impacting, category

– identify = determine

– use ~ pursue

39. If a current trend highlights a negative aspect of your category, you should

Key words: current trend, negative aspect

– emphasise = reaffirm

– traditional values ~ core values

40. Key words: new focus, lack, connection

– lack of connection = disparity

Cam 13 Test 3

PASSAGE 1: THE COCONUT PALM

1. Key words: trunk, timber, houses, making

– making = construction

2. Key words: flowers, sap, drink, source

3. Key words: fruits, middle, coir fibres

4. Key words: inner, shell, source

5. Key words: inner, shell, halved

– halved = broken in half

6. Key words: coconut water, source, other plants

7. Key words: coconut flesh, oil, milk, cooking

8. Key words: coconut flesh, glycerine, ingredient

9. Key words: seeds, shade, germinate

10. Key words: transported, Asia, America, 16th century

– probably = likely

– transported = moved

11. Key words: west coast, America, different, east coast

12. Key words: all, Asia, cultivated

– varieties = relatives

13. Key words: cultivated, different, America, Pacific

PASSAGE 2: HOW BABY TALK GIVES INFANT BRAINS A BOOST

14. Key words: adults, babies, individual attention, talking

– importance ~ it really matters

– individual = one-on-one

15. Key words: connection, hear, efforts, speech

– create speech = produce words

16. Key words: advantage, two parents, different way

– a different way ~ another kind

17. Key words: connection, amount of baby talk, vocalising

– vocalising = babble/ talking

18. Key words: Washington State University, computer programs, interacted, normal day

– specialised computer programs ~ speech-recognition software

– analyse = study

19. Key words: not modify, speech patterns, interacting

– interacting with ~ talked to

– babies ~ kids

20. Key words: idea, adult, speech, prepare, language, outside

– idea = hypothesis

– language = speech

– outside the family home ~ in public

21. Key words: normal language, expands, types of speech

22. Key words: Washington, Connecticut, recorded, equipped

– recorded = captured

23. Key words: age two, babies again, larger

– a lot of ~ frequent

– had a much larger vocabulary ~ dramatically boosted vocabulary

24. Key words: change, brain activity, end of first year

25. Key words: example, baby’s benefit, before birth

– before birth ~ still in the womb

26. Key words: preference, sounds, other babies

– preference ~ seem to like

PASSAGE 3: WHATEVER HAPPENED TO THE HARAPPAN CIVILISATION?

27. Key words: explanations, decline

– explanation = cause

28. Key words: present-day application, archaeological, findings

29. Key words: difference, another culture, same period

30. Key words: features, urban design

31. Key words: errors, previous archaeologists

32. Key words: collecting, snails, analysing

– collect = gather

33. Key words: change, water levels

34. Key words: less, evaporation, drought

35. Key words: Petrie, Singh, records, five millenia ago

– look at ~ analyse

– adapt = adjust

– agricultural practices ~ combinations of crops

– changing climatic conditions ~ different weather systems.

36. Key words: examining objects, links, inhabitants, changed

– look at ~ examine

– links = interactive networks

– inhabitants = population

37. Key words: changes, environmental conditions, vital

– information = data

– changes to environmental conditions ~ variable weather systems

– vital = essential

38. Key words: previous, behaviour, long-term benefits

– examining = investigating

– patterns of behaviour ~ responses

39. Key words: calculations, length, water shortage

– rough calculations ~ estimate

– approximate ~ about

– a period of water shortage ~ weakening of the Indian summer monsoon climate

40. Key words: decline

– information ~ evidence  decline = fall

Cam 13 Test 4

PASSAGE 1: CUTTY SARK: THE FASTEST SAILING SHIP OF ALL TIME

1. Key words: clippers, originally, passenger

– ships = vessels

2. Key words: name, character, poem

3. Key words: contract, Willis, Scott & Linton

– favoured ~ put in a very strong position

4. Key words: Willis, fastest, UK, China

– the fastest tea clipper ~ more quickly than any other ship.

5. Key words: storm damage, beat Thermopylae, London

6. Key words: Suez Canal, steam ships, faster

– travel faster ~ reduced the journey time

7. Key words: ocean route, London and China

8. Key words: Captain Woodget, risk, iceberg

– risk = gamble

– put Cutty Sark at risk of hitting an iceberg ~ bringing her dangerously close to icebergs

THE SENTENCES BELOW.

9. Key words: 1880, cargo, most successful

– carry = transport

– time ~ period

10. Key words: captain, Woodget, skilled

11. Key words: Ferreira, Falmouth, repair

A gale (= a strong, stormy wind) damaged the ship.

12. Key words: 1923, 1954, used

13. Key words: twice, damaged, 21st century

– damaged by ~ suffered from

PASSAGE 2: SAVING THE SOIL

14. Key words: healthy, bacteria, microorganisms, plant remains

– plant remains = decomposing plants

15.Key words: food, antibiotics, storing, climate

– provides us with ~ are the source of

– store = lock in

– a significant effect on the climate ~ an ally against climate change.

16. Key words: prevents, damage, property and infrastructure, holds

– hold = store

– buildings, roads and bridges ~ property and infrastructure

17. Key words: main factor, degradation, humans

– main factor ~ biggest problem

– soil degradation ~ the soil gradually becomes less fertile

18. Key words: nutrients, unused, harvested crops

– may not be put back ~ tend not to return

19. Key words: synthetic fertilisers, Haber-Bosch

– damage =hurt

20. Key words: addition, mixture, Pius Floris

– mixture = cocktail

21. Key words: idea, zero, degradation

– be more aware of soil-related issues ~ bring the problem home to governments

22. Key words: motivation, soil-improvement project

23. Key words: explanation, soil, healthy, before, farming

24. Key words: ways, collecting information, soil degradation

– information ~ real-time data

25. Key words: soil, safe, near future

– keeping some types of soil safe ~ creation of protected zones

– the near future = immediate

26. Key words: difficult, overview, soil degradation

– overview = accurate picture

– difficult ~ not easy

– a reason ~ for one thing

PASSAGE 3: BOOK REVIEW

27. Key words: attitude, advocates, positive psychology

– ignorant about = oblivious to

28. Key words: Greek, Aristotle

29. Key words: linking, price, significant

–  linking the price of goods to happiness ~ associating money so closely to inner experience

–  linking = associating

–  a connection between work and psychology ~ the entangling of psychological research and capitalism

–  work ~ capitalism/business

–  was significant ~ set the stage for

30. Key words: 1790s, technology, improve, government departments

– conversation ~ communication

31. Key words: printing banknotes, increase.

32. Key words: method, food

– designed ~ drew up plans

– food = provisions

33. Key words: prison, same design, other institutions

34. Key words: researching, possibilities, methods

– possibilities ~ ways in which this might be done

– methods = ways

35. Key words: strength, relationship, psychology and economics

36. Key words: more difficult, measure, emotions

– emotions = inner states

37. Key words: Watson, behaviourism, humans, before 1915.

38. Key words: Watson, influential, outside America

39. Key words: need, linked, industrialisation

– industrialisation ~ industrial societies

40. Key words: aim, government, increase, population

– increase the happiness ~ promoting happiness

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