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IELTS Essays ( Easy 6.5 – 7 bands)- suitable for beginners

These essays are suitable to starters in IELTS or who have below average level of English language. Students who wrote these type of essay answers in IELTS exam could score 6 to 6.5. A little enhancement in the quality could help you score even more like 7 +.

These are IELTS essay samples which contain easily understandable and not so long sentences, the vocabulary is simple.These essays are suitable to starters in IELTS or who have below average level of English language. Students who wrote these type of essay answers in IELTS exam could score 6 to 6.5 or 7. A little enhancement in the quality could help you score even more like 7 +.

So if you are struggling to improve sentence making in essays, or you are a fresher or have below average level of English better to start with these essays. Alongside, take guidance from your teacher who can tell you your mistakes in essays and can help you improve them and also help step by step to improve overall English and sentence making.

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Essay 1 – Some people claim that there are more disadvantages of car than its advantages. Do you agree or disagree?

Car is a great invention of Technology. Nowadays, a family is seen as incomplete without a car. No doubt, cars are beneficial in many ways. Some people point out that its disadvantages are more. I would like to mention my views on the above Topic in the following paragraphs.

Advantages of cars

There are several benefits of traveling by cars. Firstly, the journey by cars is comfortable and convenient unlike other public transport. We have privacy in the cars. The seats are comfortable and relaxing. We can keep our belongings and also luggage bags in the car. It is like a small home with in the car. In addition to it, People have great freedom of movement while travelling by car. We can take the car from one point to another point and there is no wastage of time. We can take the car even to the locations where buses or trains do not go like uncommon routes or inside the narrow city areas. Moreover, car is very helpful when elders and disabled people need to travel. Also, car manufacturing is a big industry and millions of people are working in this industry. So cars are generating a lot of income to the nation and employment to the public.

Disadvantages of cars

On the opposite side, bad effects of cars should not be ignored.

The increase in the number of cars leads to traffic jams on the roads, which is a serious problem, especially in big cities. For example, every year, half a million people die in road accidents. Furthermore, cars run on fossil fuel which pollutes the environment. We know that this pollution is becoming the biggest threat to survival of human on earth. Last but not least, cars have replaced walking and cycling which is not good for health of humans. All these consequences of increasing number of cars on road are of severe nature and leaving the governments worldwide with no option but to take measures urgently.

To conclude, based upon above discussion, I can say that cars have brought great convenience to the people, but at a cost of environment and health.We all should do something to minimize the disadvantages of cars.

Essay 2 – The world will be a much poorer place without colours. To what extent do you agree or disagree?

Colors are an integral part of this world and humans’ life. It is impossible to imagine this world and our life without colors. Colors give beauty to the nature and all the things which we see in this world. This earth will be a much poorer place without colors. I write my views as under.

What is the importance of colors in our world?

To start with, colors are very important for humans to interact with the outside world. Colors are necessary to identify the objects. Our brain and memory cannot work properly without colours. In addition to this, colors make this world beautiful and give us pleasure. For example, trees are green; sky is blue. We decorate our homes with colors. We wear colorful clothes to make ourselves beautiful.

Moreover, it is known that colors influence our behavior and mood. We prefer colors for different moods and events. What is more, colors have a great significance in our cultures and traditions. We can say that colours are an Inseparable part of human’s life.

What would World become without colors?

Without colors, the world will look only black and white. No doubt this type of world will be boring. The world will become charmless. And it will be a problem for us that we will not be able to distinguish between the things. Everything will look same to the human eye. Without colors, many of our cultures and traditions will be lost. There will be no uniforms, no wedding dresses, no decorations marking the glory of events and places. Last but not least, if the world is colorless, then probably many of human qualities will also die. For example, our creativity and Imagination will become limited.

To conclude based upon above discussion; I think that colors fill the life with pleasure, charm and creativity. Without colors, the world will become too boring and lifeless.

Essay 3 – Governments should be responsible for funding and controlling scientific research rather than private organization. To what extent do you agree or disagree?

Undertaking scientific research is important if a country wants to progress and compete with other countries. Who should fund this research government or private sector; this is an argument which is going on in many countries. I would like to write my opinion in following paragraphs.

Why should government fund the research?

To begin with, it is true that research is necessary for a country. If research is funded by government, then the knowledge and benefits from this research will be used to improve people’s lives because the government is accountable to the public and government fund that are collected from public through taxes.

Why funding research by the Private organisation has drawbacks?

On the other hand, the ultimate aim of a private organization is to earn profit. So private organization will put fund only in that research, which will bring them more and more profit. Also it could happen that few researches may not start which do not involve profits for the organisation but are important to public interest.

Moreover, in order to gain more profit, sometimes research companies do not show true and genuine results from research. For example, in case of drug companies, rigorous clinical testing trial is required before launching a medicine in the market. Since private companies spend a lot of money into research, they need to earn it as early as possible.  So Sometimes these companies show only positive results of the drug, but hide its side-effects. However, contrary to it, hand garment will give priority to welfare people rather than profits.

Conclusion

I think if research is founded and controlled by government, then it is much beneficial to the nation, but it does not mean that private companies should stop funding research. Even if private companies fund a research it is the responsibility of government to monitor, regulate and control the research. It is the responsibility of government to ensure that research is ethical and productive.

Essay 4 – Smoker can cause themself serious health problems. The choice to smoke is made freely and with knowledge of dangers smoker should therefore expect to pay more for medical treatment than non-smokers to what extent do you agree with this statement?

Everyone has a choice to smoke or not. People who smoke do so at their own risk. Smoking is dangerous. Smoking has many ill effects on our health. It can cause cancer and many other diseases. So it is obvious to expect of smokers to pay more cost in case they catch any disease. However, I do not fully agree with the statement. I mention some reasons in the following paragraphs.

It is now known that not all diseases come from smoking. There are many diseases which are common to both smokers and non-smokers for example, thyroid, typhoid, dengue or injury. It would be wrong to ask smokers to pay more for such kind of diseases which are not caused by smoking alone. It would be unjustified if we relate all diseases to smoking habit.

On the other hand, if any disease / (medical condition) is caused by smoking habit then smokers should expect to pay more because when they smoke, they cause pollution in our environment as well as danger to other people’s lives as it is known that smoking is very dangerous to passive smokers.

It is true that people should take responsibility of their own actions. However, it is also the responsibility of society as well as government to spread awareness of the consequences of smoking. They should take every required step to deter people from smoking. Infact , it is their duty to do so. If they fail in creating awareness and educating people about severe effects of smoking, then people especially youngsters would fall into this temptation and addiction of smoking as people are and will always remain prone/vulnerable to such intoxicant substances. So if state or society fails, then they have no right to claim higher treatment cost from the smokers.

However if state has taken all necessary steps, and warned the people not to smoke, then in that case, if they still continue to do so, the authorities may expect them to pay higher cost of treatment. For example, cigarette packets have a clearer warning that smoking can cause health problems like cancer, but despite that if a person choose to smoke, then he should not be given subsidy in case of medical emergency.

To conclude, I feel that smokers should pay more in cases of diseases related to smoking but for any other illness; they should not be expected to pay more.

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Essay 5 – We are becoming increasingly dependent on computers. They are used in businesses, hospitals, crime-detection and even to fly planes. What things will they be used for in the future? Is this dependence on computer is a good thing? or Should we more auspicious of their benefit?

A computer is a great invention. It is like a gift to the mankind. It has made a big impact on our lives. Nowadays computers are used in almost every field of life. It is difficult to imagine life without computers. I write my views on the topic as under.

A lot of research is going on in developing more efficient computers. These future computers will do more difficult tasks in near future. These computers would be more intelligent like humans. these future computers would be used everywhere in every aspect of our life, for example, making food for us, cleaning houses, driving the cars without driver, fulfilling our orders and Industry instructions and much more. These will be used widely in education sector, for example schools will use computers to give/deliver education to students.

It is certain that technology will progress a lot in future and we have already become dependent on computers in many ways and we would become more dependent in the future. There are many risks of our over dependence on computers. One such risk is that Computers can be hacked. Thus our privacy is at risk. As computers control Banks, nuclear weapons, air-planes, industrial machines, satellites, hospitals, all of our departments and systems are at risk of cyber-crime. Even a little distraction can lead to / result in big trouble for a whole nation.

Despite all these potential dangers, still computers are very useful and beneficial to us. Their benefits are numerous and huge. These have made our life easier and better in many ways. So in my view, it is worth taking risk alongside its benefits.

Conclusion, our dependence on computer is increasing. This will be used more in the future everywhere. However, we should avoid over-dependence. We should control technology, formulate cyber laws and draw a line beyond which we should not allow computers to overpower us and our human behaviour.

Essay 6 – Some people think that a sense of competition in children should be encouraged. Others believe that children who are taught to co-operate rather than compete become more useful adults.Discuss both these views and give your own opinion.

Nowadays we have to go through a lot of competition almost in every field. That’s why children are taught competition from their early days. Sometimes, competition leads to lack of co-operation.Some people say that children should be taught cooperation rather than competition. I write my views as under.

Why should children learn how to compete?

To begin with, competition is important in life. Children have to compete when they prepare for their exam or when they participate in sports. They have to learn to compete in order to become better in studies or sports or any other competitive exam. This sense of competition brings out the other skills in Children and they can learn to perform to their maximum potential.

In addition, competition is a kind of motivational energy which helps children realize their passion and capabilities. For example, when children grow up, they have to compete with other businessmen. If they know how to compete, they would become successful businessmen. Moreover there is a lot of competition while finding a job. We can see a cut-throat competition among employees for securing a job and while striving for promotion and salary hike. So it is better if children start learning competition from their early age.

Should children be taught to co-operate rather than to compete?

On the other hand, there are some fields where co-operation is very much needed. For example, in a team or a group, all the team members are required to cooperate with each other. Without cooperation, team will not be able to perform properly. At many places, work is not a one-man show. In such cases, co-operation plays primary role. It is often seen that competition, sometimes, leads to enviousness and rivalry among people and they start seeing each other as enemies. This is an unhealthy competition and must be avoided. Competition can be healthified with co-operation and also by learning the true spirit of competition.

To conclude, competition and co-operation both are essential qualities that children should learn so that they can develop their capabilities and perform better in future life.

Essay 7 – Some people think that charity organizations should only offer help to people of their own country. But others believe that these organizations should give aid to people in great need wherever they live. Discuss both views and give your opinion.

Helping others is an important human quality. Help is done mainly in two ways. One is by giving help to the people of other countries and second is by helping the needy people no matter wherever they are from. Which one is better, I would like to express my views as under.

Why should charity organizations only offer help to people of their own country?

To commence with, there are some reasons why people say that it is necessary to offer help to people of own country. Firstly, these charity organisations are in regular contact with the local needy people so they know well about the needs of local people. They know what kind of help is required. For example, if there is scarcity of food or medicines, then rest of the country people can collect food and send to the needy people. Similarly if there are floods or earthquakes at some place in the country then the country people can contribute to relief funds. Moreover, there is a saying that charity begins at home. Also, it is responsibility of every citizen to stand with other citizens of the country in times of need.

Should charity organizations give aid to people in great need wherever they live?

However, it is our moral duty to extend help to people of other countries also. If we believe that whole world is like a family then we would choose to offer help to anyone from anywhere. In addition, in times of globalization, people of one country are closer to those of others. So it makes sense if helping hands are extended to people from other countries in their disparity. This helping across the borders contributes in building and improving relations with other countries. Moreover, experts from rich countries can extend suitable and special care to people from less developed countries under charity projects. Furthermore, when help is done to people of other countries, it opens trade opportunities among the nations and they start sharing their wealth and resources.

To conclude, the purpose of charity is to help people in need. If it is required in home country, then no doubt, we should first respond to our own nation people. But if we have capacity then we should help people from anywhere in the world. Also, whom to give aid to first, must depend upon the scale of need.

Essay 8 – The computers are widely used in education and some people think that teachers do not play an important role in the classroom. To what extent do you agree?

Nowadays, use of computers is common in education. Its benefits are impressive. Some people say that teachers are no longer important in classrooms. I shall explain my views on the topic in the following paragraphs.

Why are computers widely used in education?

There is no doubt that computers have become a useful tool to provide education in classrooms. There are several benefits when computers are used in education. Firstly, Computers help in teaching a concept in an effective way. Educational videos, presentations and softwares can make a subject more interesting. For example, there are innovative English learning softwares and applications available in computers which can make learning easier and interactive. Secondly, computers help teachers and students in creating and managing large amount of study material and study notes.

Do teachers play an important role in classrooms?

However, it does not mean that teachers have lost their importance in classrooms. There are many things which teachers can do but computers cannot. For example, teachers motivate students to develop creativity, logic, higher thinking skills, discipline and many other human qualities. It is clear that computers cannot teach such qualities to students. In addition, teachers make students understand the complex problems and their solutions. Also, teachers tell them what is right or wrong. They teach moral lessons and consequences of any action to students which are essential in becoming a noble person and responsible citizen. Moreover, teachers can identify weak students and uplift them in education.

To conclude based upon above discussion; I can say that computers aid teachers in delivering education more efficiently and effectively. However, computers cannot replace teacher. Teachers will continue to be important in the classrooms. (Teachers will continue to remain important in classrooms)

Essay 9 – Some people say that the government should not put money on building theatres and sports stadiums. They should spend more money on medical care and education. Do you agree or disagree?

Education and Health-Care are the first needs of a person. Some people think that government should spend all money on education and Health-Care rather than on theater and sports stadiums. My opinion is that both are important in their own way. I would like to write my views on the topic in the flowing paragraphs.

Should government not put money on building theaters and sports stadiums?

Theatres and stadiums are essential for people as they get entertainment from it. We knew that art and entertainment are like basic needs of human. These places improve the standard of living and also tell the quality of life of people. Without these facilities, life of people will become boring. While theaters would promote art, culture and traditions, Stadium would make people aware of health, fitness and importance of competition. So these places contribute a lot to the betterment of a society.

Should government spend all money on education and Medical Care?

It is a refutable that Healthcare and education facilities are of the most important for common public. Education is needed to create talented and skillful people. Such people will work and put their mind and knowledge to uplift their country and society. Without education, a society will remain poor and eventually will perish in global race of science and technology. Moreover, every citizen must have access to medical care. Countries with advanced medical acre can reduce the sufferings of their citizens. Without proper health care system, lives of people will become miserable. For example, during Corona-Virus pandemic, many countries had to see deaths of thousands of people due to lack of medical care.

To conclude, the first duty of government is to provide healthcare services and education to the masses and for this, significant portion of budget must be set aside. However, if government can afford, then it must also allocate at least a little portion of budget on building theaters and stadiums so that society gets basic as well as other necessary facilities for overall growth.

Essay 10 – Some companies sponsor sports as a way to advertise themselves. Some people think it is good while others think there are disadvantages. Discuss both views and give your opinion

There are many ways of advertising such as televisions, newspapers and many more. Out of these ways, one way is to sponsor the sport events by the business houses. They sponsor the players or a sport event to promote their brand or products. This kind of promotion has merits as well as drawbacks. I would like to present my views on the in the upcoming paragraph.

To begin with, there are several significant advantages when companies sponsor the sports. Firstly, when companies sponsor the sports, the players get the money to maintain the expenses of their sports activities, diet, to buy sports kits and also to get more training in sports. In this way those sportsmen who cannot afford the expenses of doing sports become able to show their talent in the sports field. Thus it is very beneficial for the sport people. In addition we when advertisement is done through the sport event, the information of a brand and various products reach to consumers. In this way, people will come to know about new products and brands. Therefore buyers can take better buying decisions before settling upon a product to buy. From sponsorers, their Companies can increase their sales and business. Moreover sponsoring of sports events promotes the sports tournaments and it encourages the youngsters to join sports.

On the flip side, sponsoring of sports events for the sake of advertising has some drawbacks also. Sponsoring companies have their own interest. They invest money on the sports and they seek return of their investment. So in order to gain more profit, they influence the outcome of the sports. This thing is destroying the spirit of sports. Furthermore, when companies are investing money in sports, It will lead to the commercialization of sports where a Sportsman will play just to fulfill the objectives of his sponsorer which will not be a good development. Last but not least, profit-seeking by the sponsorers is leading to other illegal gambling and booking activities which thrive on sponsored high-profile sports events.

In conclusion, while sponsoring of sport is advantageous what the drawbacks are of serious nature and cannot be ignored. While leveraging on advertisement through sponsoring of sports , Spirit of sport should be maintained.

Essay 11 – Some people believe the range of technology available to individuals today is increasing the gap between poor people and rich people. Others think it is having an opposite effect. Discuss these points of view. What is your opinion?

It is irrefutable that nowadays Technology has brought numerous benefits to the mankind. A section of people argues that the development of Technology widens the gap between rich and poor. It is also true that Technology has played an important role in bridging the gap between different socio-economic groups. I shall discuss both side views in the subsequent paragraphs.

Technology expands the gap between rich and poor

There are many reasons why people say that Technology expands the gap between rich and poor. Firstly, Technology and business have done classification of people most of Technology is affordable only by wealthy people. But people with less income have no access to this technology. Due to this reason, rich people become more efficient whereas poor people have fewer opportunities. This leads to more gap between rich and poor people. In addition, technology is shifting power of wealth and knowledge towards rich people. In this way, rich people become more able to change the direction of the society to wherever they want. As a result, rich people may exploit the society for their own benefits whereas poor people have less knowledge and their demands are less.

Technology is helping in narrowing the gap between rich and poor

On the other hand, some people hold the opposite view. Technology is inspiring a common man to do hard work, to become educated and improve the life-style. That is why, lower and middle class people are joining schools and colleges to gain knowledge and get a better job. Many lower and middle class people are now catching up with upper class members of society. So, technology is helping in narrowing the gap between them. Moreover, technology is giving several opportunities to earn money to all including financially weak people. For example, People with low income can buy a machine, make a product and start earning money from it. So technology is uplifting the poor people.

To conclude, based upon above discussion, I can say that technology can do both- widens the gap as well as lessening the gap between poor and rich people. I also think that we should not blame the technology for this gap , rather unequal access to technology and knowledge is the main issue behind this gap.

Essay 12 – When family has a meal, it is considered a social activity. Do you think eating together is important to people in your country?

There is no doubt that eating together is a well-known social activity. When we eat together, it improves bonding among family members. Also, we can develop sweet memories. I would like to write my views on the topic in upcoming paragraphs.

There are several advantages of having food together with other members of family. Firstly, it creates a sense of belonging. During the meal, family members get an opportunity to talk to each other. They share information and news of the day. In addition, during meals, parents give extra attention to their children and teens. These kinds of meals with family members develop love, trust and also a feeling of security and belonging. It can be a good experience for all.

Moreover, research shows that regular family meals with parents can lower the risk of smoking, drinking and violence among children and teenagers. Also, they perform better in schools when they frequently take meals with their parents. Furthermore, during meals with family members, children can learn table manners, etiquette, social skills, and how to behave and show respect to elders. Last but not least, when we take food with family members, we tend to choose healthy, hygienic, traditional and nutrient rich food.

In my country, most of people consider it important to have food with family. We know that in today’s materialistic world, people are busy in their work and they do not get enough time to spend with their family members so they try to find at least some time to see their families at meals. In my country, I have seen that most of people, however much busy they are, get together with their families at dinner.

To sum up, I can say that eating together is an important social activity. It is often said that, “The family that eats together stays together”.

Essay 13

Wild animals have no place in the 21st century, and the protection is a waste of resources. To what extent do you agree or disagree?

In 21st century, some people say that wild animal are of no use and government should not waste money in protecting them. This is a topic of debate. I would like to write my opinion in the following paragraphs.

Do Wild animals have no place 21st century?

In my opinion, I strongly disagree with the notion that wild animal are useless in these days and there is no need to save them. We know that wild animals are a part of forest ecology. Both wild animals and forests depend on each other for their existence. One cannot survive without other. If there are no wild animals, it will become difficult for us to save the forest. And we also know that human cannot survive without Forests on Earth, So wild animals are very important for continuity of human life on Earth.

Moreover, wild animals provide so many treasures to the humankind such as leather, fur, wool, bones, foods, entertainment, diversification and medical research facilities also. Wild animals are living creatures and they have their right to survive and exist on earth. They share this earth with humans. One should not consider other worthless of inhabiting earth. Man’s superiority over other creatures like wild animals is no justification that we start considering these animals worthless of inhibiting the earth.

Is protection of wild animal a waste of resources?

Humans have been continuously destroying forests and habitats of wild animals since decades and these animals have become shelter less and their food sources are no longer enough. This is the act of humans which has put wild animals at the edge of extinction. Though it is impossible now to compensate the loss of past, but If we really want to correct our mistake now, then we should do all efforts to preserve the dying animals. Otherwise our future generations will not be able to see those animals.

Moreover, earth’s ecology can be protected by saving the wild animals only. Apparently if money is spent in saving the wild animals, it is not a waste of money. In fact, it is a kind of investment. If we spend money today for saving forests and wild animals it will render us benefits tomorrow. It will bring balance in ecology and food chains. Moreover, Conserving wild animals do not require huge budgets, rather it requires effective policy framework, cooperation among environmentalists and strong willingness. For example, hunting should be stopped, ailing animals should be given medical care and breeding programs should be initiated. Also, forest lands should be reserved where human interference should be disallowed.

To conclude based above discussion. I can say that animals are not useless by any means. We should do every effort to save the wild animals. If money is spent in saving animals, it will pay off the humanity in long run.

Essay 14

Global warming is one of the most serious issues that the world is facing today. What are the causes of global warming and what measures can government and individual take to tackle the issue?

It is irrefutable that global warming has become a serious issue all over the world. Due to it, many environment problems are arising. There are some reasons why global warming is occurring. There are some possible solutions which a government and individual can think of. I would like to write my views in the following paragraph.

To start with, global warming is a phenomenon in which temperature of Earth is increasing. At many places around the world, it is becoming difficult to tolerate the heat. There are many reasons of global warming. First and foremost is deforestation. Almost everywhere on earth, trees are being cut down at large scale. As we know that trees are useful in reducing the temperature of Earth. So less number of trees means higher temperature. Secondly, trees absorb carbon-dioxide and release oxygen. So if trees are cut-down, the proportion of oxygen in air will become less and that of Carbon-dioxide will become more. This would make the environment suffocating. Thirdly, the emission of smoke and other toxic green-house gases from vehicles, industries, burning of fossil fuels becomes the reason of global warming. Moreover, use of pesticides in agriculture is also causing the pollution.

Nevertheless, there may be some solutions to reduce the global warming and its effects. Firstly, government should harden emission norms of vehicle and industries. Whatever pollution control laws have been made so far, their implementation needs to be done without compromise. In addition, government should promote organic forming and it should educate farmers how to reduce dependence on pesticides in agriculture. Governments should also create awareness among people to stop causing pollution. Furthermore, individuals should obey environment laws and they should grow more and more trees. Masses should be taught waste management. Use of plastics should be discouraged. Technology should be developed to recycle toxic substances rather than burning them.

To sum up, governments and individuals collectively should work out methods to control and reduce the global warming. Government can do it by imposing strict environment protection laws, policy-making, educating citizens about global warming and its detrimental effects, pollution control techniques. Individuals can co-operate with government by obeying the laws and discouraging all those activities and substances which cause global warming.

Essay 15

Nowadays many people have access to computers on a wide basis and a large number of children play computer games. What are the positive and negative impacts of playing computer games and what can be done to minimize the bad effects?

It is true that most of the people have computers at their homes, and a number of children like to play games on computers. This trend is increasing year by year. Playing games on the computer has positive as well as negative impacts. I would like to write my views on the topic in the following paragraphs.

To begin with, the first benefit of playing computer games by children is that it increases their cognitive skills. Some computer games require high level of thinking in order to win. Often these types of skills are not taught in schools. For example, in computer games, children follow instructions and use logic to solve complex problems. This type of experience would be beneficial to a child in the future. Other positive effect is that it increases the desire of competition in the children. They try to do better in games to win which instills a sense of competition in them. Also playing video games is a good source of entertainment

However, playing video games has serious negative impacts also. Many of the computer games contain violence. Such games require a child to be more violent in order to win. This violence is repeated again and again. For example, in many games, the character needs to kill, stab, kick and shoot. This can make children more aggressive and violent. Moreover, playing computer games may cause serious health and psychological problems.

In order to minimize the negative impacts, parents need to take some steps. Firstly, parents should choose only those games for children which are suitable for the children. Secondly, parents should limit the time duration in which children can play games on computer.

To conclude, playing computer games has positive as well as negative impacts. Parents should take precautions to minimize the negative impact of playing computer games.

Essay 16

Smoking not only harms the smoker, but also those who are nearby. Therefore, smoking should be banned in public places. To what extent do you agree or disagree?

It has been shown in various reports that smoking leads to severe health conditions. Smoking is harmful for smokers as well as people who are nearby smokers. Many people believe that smoking should be banned. I would like to write my views in the following paragraphs.

To commence with, there are several reasons why smoking should be banned. First and foremost, it is known that tobacco consists of carcinogenic compounds and chemicals which cause cancer and other diseases such as high blood pressure, TB and more. In addition, when a person exhales smoke, other nearby persons would inhale that smoke so non-smokers would also inhale harmful chemicals in smoke and due to this their health may also be affected. this second hand smoking is very dangerous for sick and pregnant women. Infact passive smoking is considered equally fatal because even small traces of chemicals in smoke are enough to cause harm to non-Smokers. Moreover, smoke from smoker’s mouth spreads nearby area and its smell causes inconvenience to other people. This is a manner-less act.

However, there are many people who oppose this ban. They say that it is the personal choice of a person whether to smoke or not. They say that it is the choice of a passive smoker to visit a place where smoker smoke. In addition, if tobacco is banned, then a big industry of tobacco products would shut down. This will lead to increase in unemployment. Also governments collect heavy taxes from tobacco products. If smoking is banned, then governments’ income will also be affected. However, I have different views on these arguments. I think that government should develop other sources of income rather than relying on tobacco industry for revenues. Also people from tobacco industry can be given jobs in other fields. The question regarding personal choice of a smoker has already been addressed by the government by prohibiting smoking at public places but they can smoke at their private places. So this is perhaps a balanced solution for both sides.

To conclude, smoking is injurious to health and non-smokers should be protected from bad effects of smoking. So i agree that smoking should be banned in public places. If people smoke at their private places and not in public places, then it would not harm non-smokers and youngsters would not be able to see and copy the smokers.

Essay 17

As countries have developed there has been a trend toward smaller family sizes. Why does this happen? How does this affect society?

Many countries around the world have grown wealthy and these countries are becoming richer. However, these countries are seeing a reduction in the size of a family unit. In this essay, I will discuss the reasons for this phenomenon and some effects of it on society.

To begin with, there are several reasons of reduction in family size. First and foremost, birth control is the main reason. As a country develops and becomes richer, birth control methods are more readily available. This is because, with the development, number of Clinics increase and contraceptive pills are often available free of cost. With this, people can choose family size. Another important factor Is that as a country develops, the level of Education Also Rises. It means women will be Educated and they are likely to be working. So many couples will want to delay to have children. Moreover, parents have less time. If they are working, such parents would prefer smaller family size in order to manage their work life.

This trend can impact the society in many ways. One positive effect is that population will fall which will result in less poverty. Secondly fewer children mean parents will be able to provide better education to their children. One negative impact is that there will be fewer younger people in the workforce in the future. It may badly affect the economy of the nation.

To recapitulate, when a country develops, the family-size reduces due to birth control and education. It can affect the society positively as well as negatively. I think this trend will continue to happen in the future also.

Essay 18

Stress is now a major problem in many countries around the world. What are some of the factors in modern society that cause this stress and how can we reduce it?

Stress is a problem that is serious and it has detrimental effect on the people’s lives. Due to stress, people are facing various physical and psychological diseases such as diabetes, high blood pressure, obesity and more.In this essay, I would like to mention some reasons of stress in today’s time and also some possible ways to reduce it.

To begin with, in the modern era, there are many issues which we find difficult to cope with.Firstly, the issue of corruption , bad politics, pollution, violence, crime, injustice, unemployment and inflation are shown on TV frequently.Due to it, we start believing that we are in a constant danger.A common man goes through many hardships whether it is about children’s future, education, livelihood or managing interactions with the changing society.Due to materialistic nature , most of the people are overworking and have less peaceful and relaxing life.So they are likely to develop diseases which further stress their lives.

In order to tackle these problems, some steps can be taken. Goverment and media can play a very important role by showing positive stories about the lives of people and outer world instead of showing negative images and stories on the media always.In addition, we need to develop our own strategies so that we can be saved from bad influence of negative issues.Also, we should take regular exercise and yoga and a healthy diet because these may help in reducing the stress.Finally, we should improve eating and living habits so that our health remains good because a sound health feels less stress.

At the end, there are many factors that contribute to stress.Some steps can be taken to reduce it.

Essay 19

It has been claimed that workers over 50 are not responsive to rapidly changing ideas in the modern workplace and for this reason; younger workers are to be preferred.To what extent do you agree or disagree?

Some people believe that due to the rapid changes occurring in the modern work places, it is better to employ younger than older people. I don’t believe that this is the case.

One argument in support of younger employees is that older employees could be potentially against any change. To an extent, this may be true, but there are many flexible and intelligent workers over 50 years age while there are many younger workers who are inflexible and narrow-minded. Attitude toward change is not a result of age but it is a matter of personality type.

It is said that physical changes occurring with age could mean that some jobs are more suitable for younger people and some are suitable for old experienced people. For example, psychologist found that memory declines with age. In high technology Industries such as computer programming, workers have to deal with numbers and calculation, information and data.Being young for this work may be an advantage.

However, older workers have other positive qualities with which they can make working environment better. They have more work experience than younger employees.They know about company’s culture, objectives, work practices and they are in harmony with work environment of the company. They have knowledge of company’s policies. In addition, older people seem to be more reliable and respectful. These qualities are important in any kind of working environment. They can act as mentors, supervisors in various departments and also as directors and share their valuable experiential knowledge.

In conclusion, therefore there is no evidence to support the argument that older people above 50 years of age are not suitable in the modern workplaces. It would be better to hire employees based on their merit, knowledge; experience and dedication towards work.I think a mix of both kind of age groups-old and young would be preferable for the most productive environment.

Essay 20

Nowadays families are not as close as in the past and a lot of people have become used to this.Why is this happening? Do the advantages of this trend outweigh the drawbacks?

There has been a trend over recent decades for families to become less close than they were in the past. ((((OR It is a trend that families are becoming less close than they were in the past.This trend has become normal in the society now)))).This situation is largely accepted in society.I shall write the reasons for this and examine the benefits and drawbacks of this development in the following paragraphs.

It is a trend that families are becoming less close than they were in the past.This trend has become normal in the society now.

One of the first reasons for a decline in the closeness of families is connected to the busy lifestyle of modern society.Most people work for longer hours, and often both parents work so they simply do not have much time to spend with each other.Another factor is the materialistic culture we now live in, which has led us to withering family relationships.Modern technology is also responsible as people show more interest in their internet life than interacting with family members.

It would be argued that this trend has benefits.If people are not so close with their family members, they are free to take their own decisions to fulfill their own dreams, to focus on their own lifestyle and to live life in their own way.However, i believe that there are far more negative outcomes.Everyone wants to live a satisfactory and happy life, emotional security and comfort. A Human needs togetherness with other humans. Without these, he will feel lost and lonely.Moreover, It is a world full of difficulties.We need support of people especially of our family.These days,  we are seeing a rise in metal health diseases in many metro-cities. This is the result of less closeness with family and friends.

At the end, busy modern life style ,changing values and modern technology are making people less close to their families and friends.We should try to stop this trend as it has more negative than positive outcomes.

Essay 21

Some people think that the main factors influencing a child’s development these days are things such as television, friends, and music. Others believe that the family still remains more important.

Discuss both opinions and give your opinion.

It is certainly true that parents play a very important role in the development of a child. Many people believe that other social factors outside of family such as television music and friends are influencing the children more. I would like to write my both side views in following paragraphs.

To begin with, there are several factors which are external to the family and they influence the development of children. For example, nowadays, children have an easy access to television, music and internet. Children learn expressions and they also see things which teach them about life. In addition, a variety of words concepts and other things are available on TV which children can come across. So a diverse and wide learning happens to the children from television. Moreover, friends also play an important role as a child will often copy his friends whom he admires, respects and is under influence. This is a positive influence but negative also if the habits of friends are not good such as smoking.

Furthermore, it is the family which influences the child’s development more. Children spend most of the time with family especially in the early years. They learn their confidence, social skills, morals, values and views from their parents. They learn attitude, behaviour and beliefs from their parents. Also the way of speaking and responding is copied by children from their parents. Children learn care, honesty and many of their habits from their parents. Children are fully dependent on parents in early age and they would copy whomever they live close to and become like them. This is the reason why children are different. Those children who are in a good family become noble and those who live in bad environment become bad.

At the end I think that it is the family which can provide a better support, security, nurturing and progressive environment to the children. Nevertheless, other factors also influence the child’s development. According to me, former is more important than later.

Essay 22

Some people believe that it is the responsibility of individuals to take care of their own health and diet. Others however believe that governments should make sure that their citizens have a healthy diet. Discuss both views and give your opinion.

It is a matter of concern around the world that health of people is declining due to a poor diet. While some people believe that government should be responsible for improving health of its Nation, others believe that it is up to the individuals. I would like to present my views in the following paragraphs.

To start with, there is no doubt that individuals must take responsibility for their diet and health because people have their own choices about what they want to eat. In addition it is the parents who are responsible for providing and ensuring three times meals to their children and they should ensure nutritious diets for their children. They can encourage children to avoid snacks and junk food. However government should also intervene in the matter of health and diet of citizen. In these days, often people rely on fast foods or ready-made foods, which are high in sugar, oil, salt and fats. Government should regulate ingredients of such food. Moreover, people pay tax to the government which spends money on hospitals to provide Health Facilities to people. If diet is proper then burden on hospitals would reduce because many diseases can be prevented by dieting. Furthermore, government can play a very significant role by providing diet and health education to people and the children through campaigns, text-books and media.

To sum up, based upon both side views, I think that individuals should take care of their health and diet, and government should also take steps to ensure better health and diet of its citizens. Through the combination of both, I am sure that we can improve People’s Health.

Essay 23

Every one of us should become a vegetarian because eating meat can cause serious health problems.To what extent do you agree or disagree?

Nowadays, vegetarian food is becoming more and more popular among many people. Some people think that eating meat can cause harm to the human body. And that’s why they support becoming vegetarian. However, there are others who think that it is not necessary for everyone to become vegetarian. I would like to write my views in following paragraphs.

To begin with, vegetarians believe that meat is unhealthy because it causes diseases. Some research reports show that some type of meats is particularly bad for human health. For example, Consuming red meat frequently every day may cause severe health problems. Report shows that red meat should be taken in a limited quantity once in a week. In addition meats can be high in saturated fats and it can cause health problems like heart attack, high blood pressure and diabetes.

However, there are several reasons for eating meat. The first reason is that human’s body, teeth, digestion system are designed to eat meat which suggests that it is not unhealthy for humans. They have been eating meat for thousands of years. For example, cavemen hunted animals for their food. Secondly, meat is a rich source of amino acids, proteins which helps to build muscles and bones. In contrary, people who are vegetarian have to take extra supplements to get vitamins and minerals. Finally too much meat is harmful, but it is easy to limit the quantity of meat in the diet.

To sum up, I don’t agree that everyone should become a vegetarian. There is no need to do so. It can be harmful to health if taken in excess, otherwise it a great source of nutrients for humans. I think a balanced diet containing both meat and vegetables would result in a good health.

Essay 24

In recent times, many people are making the decision to live alone. What are the causes of this? Does it have positive or negative effects on society?

Nowadays, there has been a tendency for people to choose to live alone. There are some causes of this trend. Living alone has advantages as well as disadvantages on our society. I would like to write my Views in the following paragraphs.

To start with, there are several reasons why so many people choose to live alone. Firstly, economic situations of a person are changing in todays fast pace life. They cannot afford the expenses of a large family. Secondly, there are many people who are earning well and it is possible for them to manage separate living. Thirdly, there are also some cultural factors. For example, in Indian culture, family puts pressure on young ones to marry and start a family. But now the youngsters first want to make their career before marrying so many youngsters choose to live alone. Moreover, the latest communication technology like chat-messengers, mobile phones has enabled people to remain connected even by living alone.

This trend has both positive as well as negative impacts on society. The positive impact is that those individuals who live alone spend money for having a better lifestyle, go to parties and buy new properties in cities. Due to it, urban areas develop a lot. Also, economy grows which benefits whole nation. However, those people who live in alone have less social support in their house. They have no one to talk or care like a family. Their social and personal life becomes less interesting. This may result in health problems as well as psychological disorders. They have a lot of friends in workplace or in parties but in actual need, they may have no one to take care of.They become more materialistic but have no real relationships with close people.

To sum up, I think that the main reasons of living alone are economic and cultural factors and changes in communication. It has positive as well as negative effects on society.

Essay 25

Many museums and historical sites are mainly visited by tourists rather than local people. Why is his? What can be done to encourage local people to visit museums and historical sites? Give reasons for your answer and include any relevant examples from your own experience or knowledge.

It can be seen that most of the people who visit places such as museums and historical monuments are visitors, not the local people.In this essay, I would like to mention the reasons for this and also suggest some possible methods to attract local people to such places.

To commence with, tourists and local people have different motivations to visit a place. For a tourist, when he visits another country, city or region, his main aim is to learn about a new place, to understand its culture and history, and to spend quality time gaining a new knowledge.Whereas, locals have been living in that area for a long-time. They already know about that place. So they are less likely to visit that place again and again. In addition, tourists are on holidays. They set aside time and money for these activities. However, local people may be busy in their works and they do not give priority to visit tourist places.

Nevertheless, there are some methods which can help to encourage local people for visiting historical sites. Events should be organized at these places for local people so that they start feeling attraction and attachment towards these places. To cite an example, they can arrange cultural festivals at the place. Furthermore, there should be some special promotions of the place among the local people such as discounted or free tickets. In this way, local people may visit more regularly.

To recapitulate, based upon our discussion, motivation and Leisure time are the two main factors which accounts for reasons that tourists are more likely to visit these places. It is possible to encourage local people to visit such places more regularly by organizing cultural events and promotions.

Essay 26

In the last 20 years there have been significant developments in the field of information technology (IT), for example the World Wide Web and communication by email. However, these developments in IT are likely to have more negative effects than positive in the future. To what extent do you agree with this view? Give reasons for your answer and include any relevant examples from your own experience or knowledge.

It is certainly true that IT sector has grown a lot over the last two decades. It has brought enormous changes in the lives of people. It is used almost in every field such as communication, worldwide web, Banks, offices and many more. It has given numerous benefits to Humans. The whole world has become like a global village because every part of world is connected and easily accessible through Information Technology. However, some people argue that information technology has posed a few threats also. I would like to write my opinions on the topic in the following paragraphs.

To start with, information technology has many benefits for us. Firstly, it has changed the way how we communicate with each other. Now, communication is made by email instead of sending letters. This has saved cost and time because email is received instantly and letters take many days to reach the recipient. Secondly, Information technology has given us www, which is one of the miraculous gifts from this technology. The whole world is connected by www. With this, the huge information of the world is available on the internet. Services are rendered through this technology and it has made the world a global village.

However, information technology has a few negative effects for people which are hard to ignore. For example, communication by email has eliminated the traditional ways and face-to-face communication. Due to this, interpersonal and social skills of people especially of children have been decreasing. Moreover, www is growing every second and it would be very difficult to control and regulate it in the future. It has been noticed that crimes over the www are increasing day by day. Furthermore, the biggest threat of Information Technology is our over-dependence on it. If at any time in future, www is switched off or it malfunctions, then the world can go into darkness. Everything would collapse and there would be chaos everywhere.Last but not least, there is a lot of misinformation, fake information and irrelevant information is available on the www which is becoming a reason of rumors, violence and riots.It is becoming a big challenge to control spreading of misinformation on www.

At the end, based upon our discussion, I can say that information technology can have more negative effects than positives in the future if it is not regulated properly.

Essay 27

Some people believe that they should be able to keep all the money they earn, and should not have to pay tax to the state. To what extent do you agree or disagree?

People earn money by working hard and they would like to keep all the money which they earn. However, they have to pay a significant portion of their incomes to the government. I think that it is right that people pay their fair share of taxes. I would like to write my views in the following paragraphs.

To begin with, there is no doubt that money is very important for a person because with money, they can fulfill their needs such as food, clothes, shelter and also children’s school fee, hospital expenses and more. In addition, people try to secure their future by investing money in Banks, jewelry, real-estate and other investment fields. They think that more the money they save and invest, better will be their future. So that’s the reason they try to keep all the money they earn. And they are reluctant to pay the tax.

However, as a citizen of country, it is our duty to pay the taxes. There are several reasons why we should pay tax. Firstly, the tax which we pay is the income of government. It uses this money to give the Public Services to the citizens. For example, income from taxes is spent on services such as New Roads, public transportation, Education, Health Services and more. This money is also used by government to stabilize its economy. Moreover, without tax money, governments will not be able to provide facilities, security and opportunities to its citizens.

In conclusion, although many people want to keep all the money they earn and don’t want to pay taxes, but in my opinion, they should pay taxes because this money is useful for the stability of our country. Therefore, People should pay taxes to the state.

Essay 28

Some of the methods used in advertising are unethical and unacceptable in today’s society. To what extent do you agree with this view?

Today’s world is dominated by advertising. We can see advertisements everywhere such as on the TV, internet, in the streets, newspapers and even on the mobile phones. The main objective of any advertisement is to promote and sell products and services. But some of the ways/ strategies used to sell a product or service are considered to be unacceptable and immoral.

To begin with, it is very difficult to escape from advertisements in these days. Whenever we look around, constant images and billboards come before our eyes and irritate us a lot. For example, whenever we open any application on mobile phone, unwanted advertisements are displayed first. In addition, promotional SMS and calls are pushed to our mobile phones many times a day by the sellers. This causes a lot of frustration to us. Now, it seems that there is hardly any place left where we can avoid advertisements. The second aspect of advertisement which I consider unethical is the way by which it encourages people to buy products that they may not need. Children and young people are mostly influenced by advertising. This puts a burden on their parents.

Furthermore, advertising of alcohol and tobacco products are considered unethical. In most of the countries, this kind of advertisements is banned because it can encourage children and young people to drink addictive substances. Last but not least, there are some advertisements which contain vulgarity and nudity, and these are considered unacceptable and unethical in many societies.

To conclude, advertising has become a daily part of our lives. It is hard to ignore advertising and it is certainly true that some of the methods used in advertising or unethical and unacceptable.

Essay 29

What are the advantages or disadvantages of a part time job for a student? Do you think that students should do part-time job while studying? Give reasons and examples.

Nowadays, a number of students are opting to do part time job in many countries. This trend is rising day by day. Students are motivated to join part-time job. Doing part-time job has some advantages for students, but many people think that students achieve no benefits by doing part-time job. I will give my views and following paragraphs.

To start with, there are many benefits of a part time job to a student. Firstly, students get an opportunity to earn money while studying. They need not discontinue their studies for doing a job. This would help the students to cover their personal and study expenses. Secondly, doing a part-time job gives practical knowledge and experience to a student. This would make students ready to handle future problems and tasks in a better way. One more advantage of doing a part-time job is that students would learn to better understand their priorities and responsibilities. Students will learn self-discipline and time-management. Last but not least, students will be able to learn interpersonal skills which are very necessary for a student to become a good personality.

On the other hand, there are a few disadvantages also of doing a part-time job. A student’s life is burdened sometimes and he finds it difficult to focus on study properly while doing a part-time job. By this, students may not perform well in the exams. In addition, the employers sometimes exploit the students by giving them inappropriate job or making them work for longer hours. Work environment may not be suitable sometimes for the health of students.

Doing a part-time job is the choice of a student. If a student has no money to continue his study, then he can earn money by doing a part-time job rather than discontinuing the study. If a student wants to gain practical knowledge and real life experience, he can join a part-time job. There are many things which books do not teach us but its real life experience that gives us deep knowledge.

To sum up, I think that students should do part-time job during their higher education. The advantages are much more.

Essay 30

Currently there is a trend towards the use of alternative forms of medicine. However, at best these methods are ineffective, and at worst they may be dangerous. To what extent do you agree with this statement?

It is certainly true that nowadays, more and more people are trying alternative medicines. Alternative medicines are not new. These have been in existence for a long time. I think it is wrong to say that alternative medicines are dangerous. I believe that both conventional and alternative medicines are useful in their own ways.

To start with, there are a few reasons why alternative medicines are often dismissed (or not referred). Firstly, a little research has happened into alternative medicines. So there is a scarcity of evidence to show the benefits and risks of alternative medicines. In the absence of such evidence, some people consider that these medicines are dangerous. However, these alternative medicines have been in use since ancient times. And there are no or little known side-effects.

In addition, most of the people start using alternative medicines because their friends or someone else recommended them. So they have positive attitude towards these medicines even before starting treatment. This positivity becomes the reason for the Cure. In other words, it is called a placebo effect that positive attitude to something attract favorable outcomes. Furthermore, these medicines are not dangerous. For example, in India, Ayurvedic medicines have no side effects. Similarly, it is true in case of homeopathic medicines.

Nevertheless, alternative medicines are useful in treatment of chronic disease. These cannot be used in accidental injuries or severe health problems.

To sum up, I think that alternative therapies can be helpful in treatment of particular diseases. These alternative medicines have their own strengths and benefits. So I disagree with the statement that these medicines are totally ineffective or dangerous.

Essay 31

Some people believe the aim of university education is to help graduates get better jobs. Others believe there are much wider benefits of university education for both individuals and society. Discuss both views and give your opinion.

Nowadays, more and more people are joining colleges and universities. They go for higher education due to many reasons. No doubt, career is the main reason of joining higher education. However, there are many people who go there for other reasons also. I would like to discuss the other benefits of University education in upcoming paragraphs.

To start with, universities provide higher education in various fields, which help the students to gain more knowledge and make them talented and skillful. Students can explore their own qualities and can become mature in dealing with outer world.

These talented and skillful graduates become experts in various fields. Surely, this progress at University transforms the student to become a useful asset for the society. The first benefit a University graduate gets is a better career option. Often, these graduates get higher salaries. Rate of progress is also higher in jobs for such skilled graduates.

In addition, there are several other benefits also. An individual can have a personal growth while studying in a university. He can improve his communication, Interpersonal skills, understanding, and critical thinking, logic, time management and knowledge. By this, he becomes a good citizen who is more useful and productive to the nation. Moreover, a University graduate has knowledge, which is valuable to Society. For example, doctors, lawyers, Engineers, scientists, economists, and managers have the ability to contribute a lot to the nation. This helps a country to progress in various fields.

To sum up, University education helps graduates to obtain a better job. And it is true that it provides many other benefits also for individuals and Society.

Essay 32

Some people think that the best way to reduce crime is to give longer prison sentences. Others, however, believe there are better alternative ways of reducing crime.

Discuss both views and give your opinion.

Crime is a serious problem in most of the societies. In many cities, crimes are increasing / rising. To tackle the rising crime, longer prison punishments are suggested. However, there are many who think that other methods to reduce crime should be tried. I would like to discuss my views in the following paragraphs.

To begin with, one way to reduce the crime may be that prison-sentences can be made for longer periods. The benefit of it will be that longer periods will give more opportunities to rehabilitate prisoners. In addition, longer prison-sentences would give enough time to re-educate the prisoners so that they do not re-offend. Moreover, criminals can be separated from society for longer periods. This would be beneficial to ensure the safety of the society.

On the other hand, if criminals are kept for a long time in prison then they will mix with other criminals for longer times. In this way, their character will not improve. Moreover, keeping a criminal in jail for more time may look unethical in some circumstances.

That’s why alternative ways to reduce crime may be used. One alternative way is community service. This will give opportunity to criminals to contribute something positive back to the society. They will realize their responsibilities towards humanity by doing service to mankind. This can help in improving their character. Also, this may help in reducing burden on the government resources. Furthermore, if you look at the data on crime in many countries, we can observe that crime rate has continued to increase throughout the world despite longer prison sentences. So it is clear (or Vivid) that prison for longer periods is not completely effective. I think that longer prison sentences should remain for those who committed serious crimes such as murder

To conclude, I am of the opinion that alternative methods to reduce crime may be better. Government should continue to research the various methods to reduce crime.

Essay 33

Government investment in the arts, such as music and theatre, is a waste of money. Governments must invest this money in public services instead.To what extent do you agree with this statement?

No doubt, art is an important part of our life. Every society wants to preserve its culture and heritage. So they need to spend resources to promote Arts such as music and theater. In some countries, Governments set aside a part of budget for spending on arts. Some people think that it is wastage of money to spend on arts. I would like to write my opinion on the topic as following.

To start with, it is true that spending a significant amount on public services is the priority of governments. There are several reasons of it. First and foremost, government’s aim is to provide good quality of life to Citizens. So they spend on hospitals, colleges, schools, roads and many more because these things determine the quality of life of a citizen. For example, if a government does not spend enough money on hospitals, the health of our society may decline. Similarly, if enough money is not spent on schools, our children may not be properly educated. It is true that large part of society is living in poverty in Countries like India. These poor people are more dependent on public services. If government does not spend enough money on public services, then it will be the poor people who will be affected more.

However, this does not mean that the government should completely ignore arts. It is difficult for many Arts institutions to generate profits. So if government does not help them then these institutes such as theaters and other art houses may have to be shut down.

Moreover, arts also have an important impact on quality of our life. Many people get happiness and pleasure in listening to music or watching theater performance. So it becomes important for governments to assist such institutes so that they can continue to provide entertainment to the public. Furthermore, if government gives support to arts institutes in building infrastructure, then such institutes will grow. In future, they would become able to pay back to the government in the form of taxes. So it may be a win-win situation for all.

To sum up, it is clear that if a government spends major part of investment on public services, then it has a lot of benefits to the public but I do not believe that spending on Arts is a waste of money as this too provides benefits to the people.

Essay 34

In order to solve traffic problems, governments should tax private car owners heavily and use the money to improve public transportation. What are the advantages and disadvantages of such a solution?

Traffic congestion in many cities around the world is a serious problem. One possible solution to this problem is to impose heavy taxes on car drivers and owners, and then using this money to make public transport better. This essay will discuss the benefits and drawbacks of such a solution.

One of the first advantages of such a measure is that the heavy taxes would discourage car owners from using their cars because it would become very expensive to drive a car. This would mean that they would start to use public transport instead of owning a car. It will reduce traffic problems as well as pollution. Another benefit will be that public transport will get improved. It is often seen that public transport in cities is very poor. For example, we often see old buses and trains which are outdated and expired but these are still used because state doesn’t have enough money to buy new ones. High taxes would generate enough money to make the necessary improvements in the public transports. Once public transport system is updated and improved, more and more people would use public transport.

However, there are also some drawbacks to this solution. First one is that this would impose a heavy burden on car owners. At present, taxes are already high. So these additional taxes would only mean less money in the hands of people to manage their life. This would put greater burden on those who have no choice but to drive every day. In addition, this type of tax would likely to be sat at a fixed amount. This would mean that it would be stressful for poor people while rich may afford it. I think that it is not fair to impose such taxes on people with less income.

In conclusion, this solution is good to some extent but there are disadvantages of introducing such a policy.

Essay 35

Overpopulation of urban areas has led to numerous problems. Identify one or two serious ones and suggest ways that governments and individuals can tackle these problems.

As we all know that our population has become a serious problem in many countries. Due to this problem, people face many difficulties. Both people and governments should find ways to solve these problems. I will discuss My Views and following paragraphs.

To start with, the problem of overpopulation can lead to over-crowding and poor quality of housing. People  May face scarcity of land, means either there will be no space left for proper housing or the available land would become so costly that an average man would not be able to buy it for making a house. This kind of situation can already be seen in metro-cities where slums are expanding every year. Poor housing can cause many health problems. Healthcare centres and other public offices are running out of its capacity. Long queues can be seen almost everywhere due to overpopulation.

In addition, over population is becoming a cause of illiteracy, poverty and unemployment. With its limited resources, governments are failing to provide quality in public services to huge population. Countries are unable to provide modern education and job opportunities to all people. Millions of graduates are under-skilled and without Job. This leads to rise in crime rate among youngsters. Young people tend to commit serious crimes and indulge in immoral activities when they have no normal life.

Governments should take some steps to overcome this problem. I believe that governments should be largely responsible for taking initiative against this problem. It is necessary to provide better education and housing to the citizens. Moreover, governments can organize some evening classes for teenagers where they can spend free time and stay away from crimes. Individuals should have responsibility to cooperate with governments and also follow the rules and regulations that are made by governments to solve these problems. With a long term view, all should agree on controlling the population growth rate in the country.

In conclusion, overpopulation has led to many problems. To mitigate the effect of these problems, governments and individuals should take some steps to control the overpopulation.

Essay 36

The percentage of overweight children in western society has increased by almost 20% in the last ten years. Discuss the causes and effects of this disturbing trend.

In the last two decades, enormous changes in the health of children can be seen. One such abnormality is Obesity. Number of overweight children has increased by almost one-fifth. This is a significant jump in number of Obese Children. There are some causes and effects of this phenomenon that I would discuss below.

To start with, the main cause of obesity in children is poor and imbalanced diet. In the modern era, trend of fast-food consumption among children is increasing. There are a number of restaurants and street-markets which sell fast food and attract Children to buy that food, for example, McDonald, Kingfisher and many more. In addition, parents do not take care of their children properly. They try to give extra comfort to their children. They buy them fried foods, soda drinks, chocolates and other packed foods. These kinds of foods are ready to eat, thus saves time to the working parents also. But these foods are high in fat and cause the weight of children to increase.

Moreover, children do not run or walk enough; they mainly play indoor games which do not give them physical workout. Even parents do not want them to go outside house because there is traffic, fast moving vehicles on road, or they find their children unsafe outside home. So children find play in video games and TV. This also becomes a reason of obesity among children.

There are some serious effects of obesity on children. Obesity limits the physical activities of children. It can lead to severe medical conditions in later age, for instance high cholesterol, diabetes, heart diseases, low stamina and more. Obesity can ruin the comfort of whole life of a child if it is prolonged. Also, this condition may lead to low concentration in children in their studies. One more major effect is that obesity may lower the confidence and self-esteem of a child which can cause psychological disorders.

To sum up, Obesity is a serious health condition in children which is rising more than ever because of modern lifestyle. Its effects on children are of serious nature. It is better if parents understand the consequence of obesity in their child and do every effort which is needed to healthify their children.

Essay 37

A growing number of people feel that animals should not be exploited by people and that they should have the same rights as humans, while others argue that humans must employ animals to satisfy their various needs, including uses for food and research.

Discuss both views and give your opinion.

Some people believe that animals should be treated same as human beings are treated. They demand that animals should have some rights and their killing and misuse must be stopped. However others think that it is justified to use animals for food, research or work according to our needs. This essay will discuss both points of view.

Some People believe that it is acceptable to exploit the animals due to several reasons. Firstly, they think that humans are the most important creatures on the planet which has self-consciousness so everything must be done to ensure survival of humans. If for their survival and betterment, animals are sacrificed for food or medical research or work then it is considered acceptable. They say that medical research is necessary to find cure for diseases. Scientists need to test the new medicine and treatment first on animals. Otherwise, if new medicines are tested on humans then it may cause damage to humans. Life of a human is more important than life of an animal. In addition, humans need animals for food, because animal meat contains nutrients which benefits humans. Also, there are many places on earth where vegetation is less so people rely on animal meat for food.

However other argue that humans make it a habit to exploit animals and use animals when they don’t even actually need to do so. It has been seen through some leaked videos that a lot of pain is caused to animals during research and they are kept in cages for long periods. These animals suffer a lot due to medicines and research on them. This is totally an inhuman act. Moreover, eating animal flesh is becoming more of an obsession for taste rather than just fulfilling. In such cases, no argument can justify exploitation of animals. Such people are breaking laws which are made to protect the rights of animals for food and research.

To sum up, I think that animals should be allowed to be used for research or food only when no substitute or alternative is available. Otherwise animals should not be exploited because some people treat them mercilessly. I support that animals should have the rights, they should not be misused.

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